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THE 



VISITOR'S GUIDE 



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Calvary Cematery, 



yvlAP AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 



1876. 



" Pure as the mantle, which o'er him who stood 
By Jordan's stream, descended from the sky. 
Is that remembrance, which the wise and good 

Leave in the hearts that love them, when they die.' 






NEW YORK : 
JOHN J. FOSTER, No. 599 BROADWAY. 





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Etiteied according to Act of Congress, in the year 1876, 
/jy John J. Foster, in the Office of the Librarian 
of Congress at Washington. 



^pediiilly di'iiwn foi' C^^uiJe to 

CALVARY CEMETERY 

FRANK M LEONARD, 
Oivil Enaineei- ami City Siii-veyor. 





e^uom: 1sS.j^-F3 A.1S-1D sxrie-vEYS 



EDWARD BOYLE, 
leineer niid City Snr 



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THE 



VISITOR'S GUIDE 
Ra^^4.. Calvary Cemetery, 



yVLAP AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 



1876. 



" Pure as the mantle, which o'er him who stood 
By Jordan's stream, descended from the sky, 
Is that remembrance, which the wise and good 

Leave in the hearts that love them, when they die." 



.y OF cof}; 



Q^?: 






NEW YORK : 
JOHN J. FOSTER, No. 599 BROADWAY. 



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Copyright, 

JoHK J. Foster, 

1876. 



New York : Lange, Little & Co., Printers, 
10 to 20 Astor Place. 



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Wo t\}e Heacler. 



f ^N the limited compass of this hand-book, which now 
VgA- greatly exceeds the size originally intended, it is not 
"^^ to be expected that more than a few of the many 
prominent features of this beautiful cemetery could be noticed, 
much less described. In many parts of it there is such a suc- 
cession of fine specimens of the sculptor's art that it would 
take a volume to present their merits properly to the public. 

The writer had to confine himself, therefore, to the space at 
his disposal, and mention only some of those, a visit to which 
would repay the visitor desiring to view the grounds in a short 
period of time. Should any tomb or monument be sought for, 
not here mentioned, every information will be cheerfully af- 
forded the stranger at the office in the cemetery by the super- 
intendent or any of his assistants. 

Should the visitor know the section with the number of the 
range and letter of the plot which he desires to find, a refer- 
ence to the map accompanying this work will immediately 
show its location and enable him to reach it directly. This 
map was prepared chiefly from surveys by Mr. Edward 
Boyle, the eminent Civil Engineer, lately deceased, who origi- 
nally laid out the grounds, together with the aid of private 
diagrams held in the office of the cemetery, which were kindly 
placed at our disposal. 

In a future edition the extensive additions and improvements 
now in progress throughout the cemetery will be duly noted. 




HAT the last resting-place of the beloved dead should 
be held sacred, the instincts of almost every civilized 
human being teaches, and on examining the habits and 
customs of those people of the earth who yet remain in bar- 
barism and ignorance, it is found that veneration for the dead 
is a prominent trait, and oftentimes carried to extremes. But 
from the earliest days, among members of the Catholic Church, 
the grave has been held sacred from a religious as well as a hu- 
man feeling. 

The church teaches that the body shall be re-united to the 
soul at the Judgment day ; therefore that body which was once 
the " casket of the soul," through whose reception of the sacra- 
ments grace was conveyed to the soul, and by whose good 
works the soul is promised in union with itself the enjoyment 
of Paradise for all eternity, should, when life departs, be re- 
garded as more than a mere lump of clay. Therefore the 
ground set apart for the reception of her dead, is blessed and 
consecrated with particularly solemn religious ceremonies. By 
her laws the consecration of a cemetery is performed only by a 
Bishop, it is regarded as so important. 

It follows then that the cemetery, in a Catholic point of view, 
is second only to the church edifice itself in its sacred charac- 
ter, and therefore great care is taken to preserve it undefiled 
and to exclude anything that is unclean or unholy.* 

Among the people of antiquity, the homes of the dead were 



* The 'removal of plants, wilfully injuring or destroying anything placed upon or 
connected with a grave, seems, in consequence, to approach very near sacrilege itself. 



6 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

held so sacred that they were more scrupulously cared for than 
the dwelling's of the living. They were constantly watched, to 
guard against profanation by the burial of an unclean stranger, 
a vicious member of their own community, or by the destruc- 
tion or disturbance of a tomb. It was not allowed even to re- 
pair a tomb, if it could not be done without interfering with 
the ashes of the dead. Every violation was punishable with 
death, scourging, hard work in the mines, or the amputation 
of both hands. 

The Roman law provided : " The spot where a man lies 
buried is sacred." In Athens it entered into the preliminary 
examination of a man chosen to fill any of the highest offices 
of the State, whether he had been negligent of his father's 
sepulchre. 

Ancient reverence in many cases assumed an extravagant 
phase. Witness in Egypt the colossal pyramids of the 
Pharaohs, and to-day, in Rome, the monument of Adrian, the 
pyramid of Cestius, and the mausoleum of Cecilia Metella. 
In Greece the extravagance was such that special laws were 
enacted, placing a limit on the time for the construction of the 
military tombs. 

Cremation, or the burning of the dead, was practised for a 
time by the Romans, Greeks, and Gauls. The elder Pliny gives 
its origin to be as follows : " The early Romans did not con- 
sume their dead; but finding, by experience in later years, 
that the bodies of soldiers killed in battle and buried in distant 
lands were afterwards dug up by the enemy, it was decided 
thereafter to burn these bodies on the battle-field, and carry 
away the ashes. Inhumation, or burying in the earth, was, 
however, always more or less practised. Thus, no member of 
the Cornelia family was ever burned prior to the time of Sylla, 
the dictator; and he wished to have his body consumed on the 
funeral pile, lest it should be dug up and mutilated by the 
friends of Marius, whose body he himself had thus treated." 

The practice of burning the dead was discontinued under 
Constantine, but at no period of their history did the Romans 
lose sight of the fitness of burial in the earth, even when cre- 
mation was the general custom. Cicero is very clear on the 
subject, when he tells us': " Previous to the earth being thrown 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 7 

upon the dead, the place where the body has been burned is 
not held sacred ; but when the earth has been cast upon the 
dead they are considered buried, and the place then enjoys 
many sacred privileges." 

If a traveler came to any unburied corpse, it was his sacred 
duty to stop and throw some earth upon it, and Seneca assures 
us that this law of charity towards the dead was more bind- 
ing than any written in the code. It was also a superstitious, 
yet common belief among the ancients, that the spirit of an 
unburied corpse was condemned to wander up and down the 
banks of the river Styx for one hundred years, and to this 
kind of .purgatory or non-interment, their law condemned 
parricides, matricides, and suicides. The last had their hands 
cut off, and were thrown into the common pit. The Hebrews 
left their suicides above ground. The Athenians amputated 
the guilty hand, and buried it apart from the body. 

The burning of the remains of the wealthy inhabitants of 
ancient Rome, took place in the Field of Mars, where funeral 
piles, in the shape of altars, were erected, and tastefully and 
richly ornamented. On one of these the body, sprinkled with 
perfumes, was carefully laid, with its face towards heaven. 
Then the nearest relative, holding a lighted torch behind him, 
walked backward to the pile, and set it on fire. As soon as 
the body was consumed the fire was extinguished with wine, 
the ashes and charred bones were gathered up, washed in milk 
and wine, and then enclosed in an urn, occasionally of great 
value. 

On looking back to the remotest antiquity, we find the 
resting-places of the dead were within the walls of private 
dwellings, and history tells us that ancient Egyptians em- 
balmed their deceased friends, and preserved them carefully 
at home. But this custom could not have become very gen- 
eral or lasting. Extensive as the houses may have been, 
they would soon become too small for the living and the 
dead. The practice, therefore, seems to have been followed 
by burial in the temples, or, as some ancient writers state, 
they built temples over the tombs, such was their respect 
for the dead. 

In connection with this subject a curious discovery was 



8 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

made in the vicinity of the city of Rome showing- undoubted 
proof that both in republican and imperial Rome a number of 
corporations, confraternities, or clubs as we should rather call 
them, known at the time as collegia, existed, whose members 
were associated with a view to the due performance of the fu- 
neral rites. Inscriptions discovered, and most of which are 
still extant, testify to nearly eighty of these collegia, each con- 
sisting of the members of a different trade or profession. 
There are masons and carpenters, soldiers and sailors, bakers 
and cooks, corn merchants and wine merchants, hunters and 
fishermen, goldsmiths and blacksmiths, boatmen and divers, 
doctors and bankers, scribes and musicians; in a word it would 
be difficult to say what trade or employment had not its colle- 
gium. Sometimes the members were united in the worship of 
some deity, A long and curious inscription, belonging to a col- 
IcgiiLin which consisted mainly of slaves, and was .erected " in 
honor of Diana and Antinous, and for the burial of the dead,'' 
in the year A. D. 133, reveals a number of most interesting 
particulars as to its internal organization which it may be of 
interest to repeat. A certain fixed sum was to be paid on en- 
tering, with a keg of good wine besides, and then so much a 
month afterward. For every member who had paid his con- 
tribution, so much was to be allowed for his funeral, a certain 
proportion of which was to be distributed amongst those who 
assisted. If a member died at a distance of more than twenty 
miles from Rome, three of the confraternity were to be sent to 
get the body, and so much was to be allowed them for traveling 
expenses. If the master of the slave Avould not give up the 
body, the deceased member was nevertheless to receive all the 
funeral rites. In fact he was to be buried in effigy. 

The catacombs of Rome are a vast labyrinth of galleries ex- 
cavated in the bowels of the earth in the hills around the city, 
not in the hills on which the city itself is built, but in those 
beyond the walls. Their extent is enormous, not as to the 
amount of superficial soil which they underlie, for they rarely 
if ever extend beyond the third milestone from the city, but in 
the actual length of their galleries ; for these are often excavated 
on various levels or stories, three, four or even five, one above 
the other ; and they cross and recross over another, sometimes at 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 9 

short Intervals, on each of, these levels ; so that on the whole, 
there are certainly not less than 350 miles of them. The 
galleries are from two to four feet in width, and vary in height 
according to the nature of the rock in which they are dug. 
The Avails on both sides are pierced with horizontal niches, like 
shelves in a bookcase or berths in a steamer, and every niche 
once contained one or more dead bodies. At various intervals 
this succession of shelves is interrupted for a moment, that 
room may be made for a doorway opening into a small cham-' 
ber ; and the walls of these chambers are generally pierced 
with graves in the same way as the galleries. 

These vast excavations once formed the ancient Christian 
cemeteries of Rome ; they were begun in apostolic times, and 
continued to be used as burial places of the faithful till the cap- 
ture of the city byAlaric in the year 410. In the third century 
there were twenty-five or twenty-six of them, corresponding 
to the number of parishes within the city ; and besides these, 
there are about twenty others, of smaller size, isolated monu- 
ments of special martyrs, or belonging to this or that private 
family ; originally they all belonged to private families or indi- 
viduals, the villas or gardens in which they v/ere dug being the 
property of wealthy citizens who had embraced the faith of 
Christ, and devoted of their substance to His service. Hence 
their most ancient titles were taken from the names of their 
owners, and many of them are yet known by them. 

A writer of very recent date, speaking of his visit to the 
Catacombs, says : 

" Some visitors are so impressed by the aspect of the Cata- 
combs, and so suffocated by the atmosphere of their narrow, 
low, and never-ending passages, where the air is made thick by 
the smoke of torches, that they beg to be allowed to make 
their way back. In truth, if the torches were to go out, one 
would be condemned to await death in this tomb of some mil- 
lions of souls ; if the old and bowed guide who went before 
us, had by mischance been struck by apoplexy, probably not 
one of us would ever again have seen the light. The Cavern 
of St. Agnes not being public, we had come alone to our ap- 
pointment ; and even supposing that a week after another 
guide should have brought a company, the party would most 



10 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

likely have directed its steps towards some different quarter. 
These are reflections to which people do not stoop until after 
the event. The tombs of martyrs and heroes, often nameless, 
draw one's attention specially ; it is easy to make them out, 
for when the grave-makers closed them, they fastened in their 
cement by the side of the head an ampulla of glass in which 
the blood of the martyr had been collected. You still see on 
nearly every hand the marks and often the fragments of these 
vessels. When the martyr had been drowned, burned, or put 
to death without spilling of blood, then in sealing up the 
burial place, the workman, with the point of his trowel, drew 
in the fresh mortar a rude sketch of a palm tree, and a certain 
number of these are to be seen. Occasionally we recognize 
calcined bones of a martyr burned alive, and it sometimes 
happens that the bones are crystallized to such a degree as to 
shine. Inscriptions give the name of the dead ; those in Greek 
are usually the oldest. Many of the tombs are yet closed fast 
and untouched." 




vnt 





^llsH E enclosed portion of Calvary Cemetery consists of over 
one hundred acres of dry, firm soil, admirably adapted 
to the purpose for which it is used. The surface is, for 
the most part, a series of gentle elevations and depressions, 
affording with the well designed and faithfully executed plans 
of the engineer, most complete drainage of the whole ground. 
At the time the property first came into the possession of the 
present owners, much of it was wet and swampy, and many 
sewers had to be constructed requiring engineering skill and 
liberal outlay. All these works have been lately enlarged and 
improved, to answer the requirements of a more extensive sur- 
face ; some of the drains being six feet in diameter, and built 
in the most substantial manner. 

When the Cemetery was first opened, the then existing 
means of communication were so inconvenient to the New 
York Catholics, that the Trustees endeavored to induce men 
of capital to organize a company which would run a line of 
ferryboats to within a convenient distance for the accommo- 
dation of persons visiting the grounds and for funerals. But 
the prospects of immediate dividends seemed so distant that 
capitalists, not considering the number and rapid increase of 
the Catholic body, hesitated to invest. The Cemetery author- 
ities, therefore, were compelled to assume the responsibility, 
and they did so, trusting to the future growth of the locality 
for reimbursement. 

They chartered two steamboats called the Boston and New 



12 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

York, constructed a ferry-house adjoining Penny Bridge, and 
dredged out Newtown Creek for a considerable distance. At 
that time nearly the whole neighborhood was laid out in farms 
and large tracts of land with a sparse population, and Bliss- 
ville consisted of a few scattered buildings. The Trustees 
afterwards had a steamboat built more adapted to the naviga- 
tion of the creek. This was named by the President of the 
Board, the late Archbishop Hughes, the Martha, after his sis- 
ter, and is yet in active service on the East River, being 
staunch and strong. The cost of the Martha was about 
twenty-eight thousand dollars. 

After a few years, during which, time the ferry was a heavy 
expense and burthen on the Cemetery, though all the time a 
necessity, the population of the locality had so increased, that 
a few men somewhat encouraged, started the ferry between 
New York and Greenpoint, distant about two miles from the 
Cemetery, and the object of the Trustees being accomplished, 
they disposed of their boats and other ferry property, and dis- 
continued the trips. 

The ferry enterprise was never remunerative, and contribu- 
ted largely to the already enormous debt incurred in the 
purchase, laying out, and maintenance of the Cemetery. 
Since that time numerous other ferries have been estab- 
lished, and are now in successful operation, making Calvary 
one of the most accessable of all the Metropolitan Ceme- 
teries. 

As will be seen on reference to the accompanying map, the 
Cemetery is divided into ten Sections, and the Sections are 
crossed by ranges designated by numbers ; then the ranges 
are laid out in plots, generally sixteen feet square, and known 
by letters. 

The whole plan is very simple, and when once understood, 
any point in the Cemetery may be found by a glance at our 
map. 

The two Sections, 9 and 10, have been but recently added, 
and are not yet laid out. The new entrance gate is located in 
this part of the Cemetery, and buildings to contain offices and 
waiting-rooms are to be erected on each side of St. John's 
Avenue, and immediately inside the gate. It is designed to 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 13 

have a tower on each building, containing a clock and a bell 
which will be tolled at the entrance of each funeral. Many 
improvements throughout the Cemetery are in contemplation, 
and others are being pushed forward to completion, which 
will eventually make this " Home of the Dead " reflect credit 
on the Catholics of New York and vicinity. 




A SHORT HISTORY OF THE 



lilg 0^ 4£aIiTari| ^;fmi|l]j^rg* 




S early as the year 1840 the late illustrious Archbishop 
^^^ Hughes, then Bishop, foresaw that in a few short 



years the only burying-ground then available to the 
faithful of New York, known as the nth St. Cemetery, situated 
in what was at that time the upper part of the city, would be 
entirely inadequate to the wants of the rapidly increasing 
Catholic population. He cast about him, therefore, for a suita- 
ble locality, outside the corporate limits, and away from the 
growing villages in their vicinity, where land suited for the pur- 
pose could be had in proper quantity, at moderate price, and 
withal sufficiently near the city to be reached within reasonable 
time. The selection, even at that distant day, when the popu- 
lation of New York was less than 313,000, and no "rapid 
transit " railroads were needed to accommodate the inhabitants 
of the sparsely settled suburbs, was a matter requiring both 
judgment and foresight. However, the property then known 
as the Alsop farm, was eventually selected and purchased, and, 
together with subsequent additions, forms what is to-day Cal- 
vary Cemetery, the last resting-place of thousands of Catholic 
dead. 

The Alsop farm was situated in the immediate vicinity of 
Penny Bridge, on Newtown Creek, which empties into the East 
River, opposite 26th street. New York. This tract was the 
property of a family of that name, which dates its appearance 
on Long Island fully one hundred years prior to the Revolution, 
and the Alsops were, it is believed, during that memorable strug- 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 15 

gle for liberty, zealous adherents of his majesty. The first occu- 
pant was Richard Alsop, who, according to local history, was 
brought over by his uncle, Thomas Wandell, to this country, 
shortly after the year 1670, and adopted by him. This Wandell, 
we are told, had been a major in Cromwell's army, but, for some 
cause not transmitted to posterity, he incurred the Protector's 
personal displeasure, and had to fly to Holland, and thence to 
America, where he rriarried the widow of William Herrick, 
who, in his lifetime owned a plantation on "NewtowneCreeke," 
which he had bought in 1659, subsequently adding some fifty 
acres to it. On this property, afterwards comprising the 
Alsop farm, Mr. Wandell resided. He became a prominent 
man in the settlement, then known as " Dutch Kills," and he 
was selected in 1665 as one of the jury for the trial of one 
Ralph Hall and wife, accused of witchcraft. Happily for Mr. 
Hall and his consort, as it is recorded, they were acquitted. 
This is the only trial for witchcraft known to have occurred 
on Long Island. 

Some years later, Wandell made a voyage to England, and 
on his return brought his sister's son, Richard Alsop, with him, 
and adopted him as his heir, not being himself blessed 
with children. He died in 1691, and was buried in what is now 
called the Alsop burying-ground, still to be seen in Calvary 
Cemetery. This burying-ground is in Section 4, near 
the soldiers' monument, and consists of about one hundred 
square feet inclosed by an iron railing, and is as distinct and 
independent of the control of the cemetery authorities, as if 
located miles away, and it yet remains the undisturbed resting- 
place of the mouldering bones of the generations interred there. 
When the farm was purchased for its present use, the descend- 
ants reserved all their rights to that inclosure, but the family 
■ interest has apparently declined, and the present neglected ap- 
pearance of the plot is in strong contrast with the neatly kept 
ground which surrounds it. 

Richard Alsop resided on the estate until his death, which 
occurred in October, 171 8, at the age of about fifty-eight years ; 
but his widow, Hannah, a Hollander, whom, it was said, he 
courted by the assistance of an interpreter, reached her ninety- 
first year, and died August 23, 1757. 



i6 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

The following is inscribed on their head-stones, -which are 
still in a good state of preservation : 

Here Lyes ye Body of 

Richard Alsop, 

Died Octr. ye . . , 

1718, Aged About 

58 years. 

And adjoining: 

Here Interred The Body of Hannah Alsop, Widow of Rich- 
ard Alsop, late of Newtown, Deceased. She Departed This Life 
on The 23d of August, Annoqi Domini 1757, in the 91st Year 
of Her Age. 

The locality of the cemetery, peaceful and quiet as it seems 
to-day, has had its share of stirring scenes. On February 25, 
1643, just about the time of the arrival of the illustrious 
Father Jogues, the first priest who ever visited the Dutch 
Colony, the Governor at Fort Amsterdam, on pretense of 
some injury received from the natives, dispatched two bodies 
of troops at midnight, one of which fell upon the Indians at 
Pavonia, on the Jersey shore, and the other upon those at 
Corlears Hook, Manhattan Island. Both expeditions were 
fearfully successful, resulting in a horridbutchery of the sleeping 
Indians. The natives at first thought it was their old enemies, 
the terrible Mohawks, but were soon undeceived, for, only about 
a week after, the settlers at Flatlands attacked those at 
Merrickawick (now Brooklyn), seized a large quantity of corn, 
and killed two of them who attempted to defend their prop- 
erty. When the natives discovered who were the aggressors, 
they became enraged to the utmost, and though hitherto warm 
friends of the settlers, now became their bitterest enemies, and ' 
with firebrand and scalping-knife desolated the surrounding 
country. The dwellers along the shores of IMespat Kills 
(shortened from the old Indian name for it, " Mespachtes"), or, 
as in later days, called Newtown Creek, felt the vengeance of 
the savages with the rest, and the vicinity soon presented a 
fearful spectacle of smouldering ruins and slaughtered inhab- 
itants. The pioneer priest of New York, in his account of 



VISITORS GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 1/ 

New Netherlands, gives a vivid picture of the unfortunate 
colony. 

The country continued to be troubled for years after, and on 
March 27, 1656, the settlers around the Creek, from continued 
fears of the savages, concentrated themselves on what is now 
known as Furman's Island, a short distance east of the pres- 
ent cemetery, and built a fort for mutual protection. They 
appear then to have concluded a peace, for there is on record 
a deed, or release, from the Indians to the white inhabitants, 
of several miles of land, including the Wandell plantation 
(and part of which is now Calvary Cemetery), lying north of 
the Creek. The purchase money was raised by public sub- 
scription, and among the names of those contributing we find 
that of Thomas Wandell. 

The following is a copy of the document alluded to, which 
is inserted entire. The tribe to which these Indians belonged 
is supposed to have been the Canarsee tribe. They were of 
great power at that time, and their jurisdiction extended over 
the whole of Kings County, the islands lying in Hell Gate, 
and some part of Newtown. The last of the tribe died about 
the year 1803. 

OLD INDIAN DEED TO WHITES (1666), OF LAND, PART OF 
WHICH FORMS CALVARY CEMETERY. 

Know all men by these presents, that we, Rowerowestco 
and Pomwaukon, do acknowledge and confess that we have 
firmly and jointly sold, alienated, and made over, all our lands 
from us, our heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns, to 
the inhabitants of Newtowne, alias Middleburg, to them and 
their heirs forever, as their own proper and free land, or lands, 
immunities, appurtenances, privileges, and all whatsoever did 
unto the afore Sachems or Indians belong: From a small creek 
called by the Indians Canapaukah, where Burger's mill stands; 
from thence, going upon a straight line north-eastward to a cer- 
tain creek called Sackhickneyah, where Wessel's mill stood ; 
so bounded by the Bay side till it came to the mouth of 
Flushing Creek, so commonly called ; so running towards the 
south-east, bounded by the creek side, till it extends itself to 
the south side of the hills upon the line; from thence running 
upon the line westward by the south side of the hills, till it 



1 8 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

meets with the south line, which is extended from the west 
branch of Mespat Kills, called Quandoequareous, by a Dutch- 
man's land, called Hans, the Boore ; from thence to the mouth 
of Mespat Kills, by the Indians so called. These aforesaid 
bounds or tract of land, with all the appurtenances thereto be- 
longing, we, the aforesaid Indians, have sold, in the year one 
thousand six hundred fifty and six, unto the aforesaid inhabit- 
ants ; only we reserved the privilege of a certain part of upland, 
lying on the south side of the aforesaid town, for our use of 
hunting, and sold them only the grass for mowing, and feed 
and timber, and have really and fully sold them, and theirs for- 
ever, the feeding, and mowing, and timber, of the aforesaid 
land ; and were firmly bound and engaged in our bill of sale, 
never to sell or dispose of said privileges which we have there 
reserved, to any other but to the inhabitants of Newtowne. 
Therefore we, the said Indians, according to our words and 
obligations, do here, by these presents, manifest ourselves to 
have received full satisfaction of the foresaid inhabitants for 
the privileges we there reserved in the foresaid tract of 
land, and do really and absolutely give them, and their heirs 
forever, as full right and title to all the privileges of the said 
tract of land, as we can or may, of any of our lands that Ave 
have, or shall sell ; denying ourselves of any interest therein, 
or any claims of any other whatsoever of all the lands, appur- 
tenances or privileges within the said bounds, we say, we have 
really sold, as aforesaid, to the inhabitants of Newtowne, as 
their own proper free lands ; we say from us, our heirs, to them, 
their heirs, forever. It hereunto we have set our hands, this 
9th of July, 1666, and in the 12th year of His Majesty's reign. 

POMWAUKON (his X mark). 

ROWEROWESTCO (his X mark.) 

Signed and sealed in the presence of us : 

John Pounds. Armorehern (his X mark). 

John Napper. Chawescome (his X mark). 

This deed was first subscribed April 12, 1656. 
Received of the inhabitants of Newtowne full satisfaction 
for all the foresaid lands which herein is specified, we say re- 
ceived by us, the 9th day of July, 1666, the sum of fifty-five 
pounds for the first payment, now paid, twenty-one pounds 
nine shillings. 

POMWAUKON (his X mark). 
RoWEROWESTCO (his X mark). 

Recorded with the office, New York, the 13th day of July, 
1666, by me, 

Matthias Nicoll, Sec't'y. 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 19 

The settlers already claimed the land from patents or grants 
issued by the Dutch Colonial Government, and this transaction 
cccms to have had somewhat the character of a peace-offering 
to the savages, whose rights were regarded then, as often 
occurs in these later days, to be worthy of little consideration. 
Certainly, between the ownership conferred on them by the gov- 
ernment patent and by purchase from the original possessors 
of the land, they acquired a pretty clear title, and quiet pos- 
session was secured as well. 

The creek called Sackhickneyah, in the Indian deed, empties 
into Flushing Bay at Steven's Point, and is now known as 
Bowery Creek. The mill had previously been destroyed by 
the Indians. 

The "small creek called by the Indians Canapaukah," is now 
called Dutch Kills, and is spanned by a bridge over which the 
Calvary Cemetery and Hunter's Point horse-railroad cars pass 
hourly. 

The constable of those days was a man of various duties. 
It is recorded that, among his other duties, he was to whip and 
punish offenders, raise the hue and cry after murderers, burg- 
lars, and thieves generally. He could command help and as- 
sistance from any of the inhabitants, under a penalty for their 
refusal, and could, without warrant, enter any house or place. 
He was to reward any person, white or Indian, with an 
" Indian coat," for the killing of a wolf, to be paid out of the 
public rate, and the constable was to cause the heads to be 
nailed over his door, there to remain ; he was also to cut off 
both ears, in token that they had been bought and paid for. 
The constable was also authorized to " furnishe the Indians with 
suche quantity of powder and shot" as he thought necessary 
for the killing of wolves, and also permit them to have their 
guns mended. ■ 

Everything seems to have gone prosperously, if not quietly, 
with the inhabitants after the Indians were conciliated, though 
the usual boundary disputes, common to new countries, which 
at times waxed hot and wrathful, were the occasion of visits of 
many delegations to the " Governor General, " at Fort Amster- 
dam, for settlement. 

For nearly a century the quiet Long Island farm had an 



20 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

uneventful history, a regular succession of seed-time and har- 
vest, with the vicissitudes of agricultural life. 

On December loth, 1774, in response to the resolution of 
the Congress, which had met in Philadelphia in September of 
that year, a " Committee of Correspondence," composed of 
seventeen members, was formed, to give expression to the 
feeling on public affairs. This move was hardly one of disloy- 
alty to King George, though several of those acting on it 
afterwards espoused the patriot cause. This, the opening reso- 
lution, adopted at the meeting, will show: 

" I. That we consider it our greatest happiness and glory to 
be governed by the illustrious House of Hanover, and that we 
acknowledge and bear true allegiance to King George the 
Third as our rightful sovereign, and under his protection have 
a right to enjoy the privileges of the constitution of Great 
Britain." 

The succeeding " resolves " mildly found fault with certain 
acts of the British parliament, and seems to have been received 
with but a small share of favor by the majority of the in- 
habitants, as on January 12th, following, other resolutions were 
passed by another meeting, protesting against, and disclaiming 
the authority of the first committee to represent the people, 
and which was signed by fifty-eight names, which names have 
since been suppressed. 

Thus opened the great struggle, and Long Island soon be- 
came the theater of stirring events. The roar of the artillery 
and small arms at the disastrous battle of Brooklyn woke the 
echoes of the Alsop farm. When the Americans abandoned 
Long Island, the whole first division of the British army, num- 
bering 10,000 men, moved from Bedford, and took up its posi- 
tion about Newtown Creek and vicinity. It embraced the 
Light Infantry, under Brigadier-General Leslie, the reserve, un- 
der Lieut. -General Earl Cornwallis and General Vaughan, and 
the Hessian Grenadiers and Chasseurs, under Colonel Donop, 
the whole under command of Lieutenant-General Sir Henry 
Clinton, K. B., who established his headquarters about a mile 
north of the present cemetery. 

The presence of the royal army brought out all the hitherto 
smothered feelings of the tories, and the badge of fhe loyal- 



VISITORS GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 21 

ty among them, a red ribbon around the hat ; the longer it 
streamed down behind, the greater the loyalty was immediate- 
ly displayed. This token of sympathy, however, did not pre- 
vent the soldiers from taking a fancy to their neighbors' goods, 
and helping themselves with all their well-known freedom 
when in close proximity. That their selection was varied may 
be seen from the following " list of losses and damages sustained 
from his majesty's sea and land forces, between the ist and 
24th of September, A. D., 1776," claimed by a loyalist whose 
house yet stands just without the present walls of the ceme- 
tery, and belongs to it. 

" List of losses and damages sustained from his majesty's sea 

and land forces, between the ist and 24th of September, A. D. 

1776." 

£. s. d. 

8 grown cattle, worth ^6 per piece 48 o o 

7 of smaller size, at _^4 los. per piece 31 10 o 

6 calves, at ^i los. per piece 9 o o 

4 horses, 2 at ;!{^I5 and 2 at ;,^I2 per piece 54 o o 

8 large hogs, at ^2 los per piec3 20 o o 

7 shotes, at i6s. per piece, and 6 pigs, at 6s. per piece 7 8 o 

Poultry 3 o o 

1,000 rails, at 30s. per hundred 15 o o 

iSo posts, at 50s. per hundred 4 10 o 

Damage to a riding chair and 2 wagons 7 o o 

ID bushels of wheat, at 8s. per bushel 4 o o 

30 bushels of rye, at 5s. per bushel 7 10 o 

12 loads of straw, at los. per load 6 o o 

6 tons of clover and timothy hay, at ^6 per ton 36 o o 

20 bushels of Indian corn at 5s. per bushel 5 o o 

20 bushels of onions, at 5s. per bushel 5 o o 

40 bushels of potatoes, at 4s. per bushel 8 o o 

Boards and garden fence 2,0 o 

Fruit of sundry kinds , 25 o o 

6 iron pots, £y, and i frying pan, gs 3 9 o 

12 pewter plates, 24s. , and i dripping pan, 20s. 2 4 o 

2 large knot bowls, 30s., 4 pails, iron hooped, 24s 214 o 

2 wash-tubs, I2s., 1 lye tub, i6s., i table, 20s 2 8 o 

10 bowls queen's ware, 7s. 6d., 6 drinking glasses, gs 016 6 

I pair stockings, 8s., I woman's cap, 12s i o o 

I handkerchief, 13s o 13 o 

4 silver tea-spoons, 20s., I silver table-spoon, iGs i 16 o 

I hive of bees, 20s., i smoothing iron, 4s i 4 o 

I wheat sieve, 14s. , 5 bags, 15s i 9 o 

I calico gown, 30-s., i apron, io,s., i blanket, 8s 2 S o 



22 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

^ s. d. 

I pair leather breeches, 20s., i great coat, i6s i i6 o 

I petticoat, 20S., sundry children's clothes, 20S 200 

I large china bowl, los., 3 wood axes, 20s I 10 O 

Cabbages, 30s., turnips, 40s 3 10 o 

^326 15 6 
By computing 8s. to a dollar, and a ;(^. as $4.80, the reader can have an idea of 
the various prices of articles at that time. 

When about August, 1782, the news arrived that Great 
Britain had acknowledged the independence of the United Col- 
onies, the report fell with terrible weight upon the tories who 
had sympathized and given active support to the royal cause, 
and they were sunk in the depth of despondency at the utter 
failure of their hopes. They were, as may be imagined, seized 
with consternation. Many who, in their indiscreet zeal had 
pursued an uncalled-for severity toward their rebel neighbors, 
when their cause looked hopeless, felt that they now deserved 
like treatment in return. In this dilemma, numbers of these 
individuals set about an immediate arrangement of their affairs, 
and prepared to leave the land of their birth and take up a 
residence in the British dominions. Several vessels were en- 
gaged, and bidding adieu to kindred and home, they embarked 
at New York and passed down the sound for the province of 
Nova Scotia, which had been especially designated by the Eng- 
lish government as a home for their loyal American subjects. 

The departure of the troops had been delayed for the pur- 
pose of enabling these people to embark in safety, and late in 
1783, the king's army prepared to take its final departure. 
The troops in Newtown gradually drew off towards Bushwick, 
making their last encampment on the road leading to Penny 
Bridge, where the ground was left strewn with rubbish. 

There was great rejoicing among the remaining inhabitants 
on finding themselves rid of the obnoxious Hessians and other 
hirelings of the British king, and they duly celebrated the 
event by bonfires and meetings. At a grand banquet held in a 
popular roadside inn, within a short distance of Newtown 
Creek, the room was decorated with thirteen colored lamps, 
one for each State. Many of the men also rode to the city and 
joined the escort of General Washington, on taking possession, 
with the American Army, November 25th. 



SECTION I. 




HIS portion of Calvary was the first laid out, ancJ had 
been thought by many at the time sufficiently spacious 
^^^1^ to meet all the wants of the Catholic public for at least 
a score of years. But a very short time proved the incorrect- 
ness of their judgment, and it became necessary to make other 
additions long before half that period had elapsed. 

Perhaps no one had any idea that the Cemetery would assume 
the proportions that it now has, and it is as possible that its 
extent twenty-five or thirty years hence is undreamt of to-day. 

The first interment in the Cemetery was made August 2d, 
1848, in this Section. 

The grave is immediately adjoining St. Mary's Avenue, and 
on it is implanted a. modest wooden cross, on which is in- 
scribed — 

"E ASTER ENNIS, 

Departed this life, July 31, 1848, aged 29 years and 10 
days." 

It is an interesting spot, becoming more so as years pass 
by, and means should be taken to preserve its identity for the 
satisfaction of future generations. 

One of the workmen engaged in the opening of this grave, 
still pursues his occupation in the Cemetery, and his rugged 
appearance seems to promise his ability to continue it for years 
to come. 

In the course of a walk through Calvary, the visitor will 
©ccasionally come upon some monument or inclosure, showing 
the marks of time and decay. Probably the same is the case 
in every Cemetery or burying-ground in the country. Occa- 
sionally the posts of the inclosure have settled, causing a 
break in the railing, and elsewhere monuments erected on the 



24 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

plots need attention. Twenty-five or thirty winters in our 
rigorous climate will make a sad change in the appearance of 
the most beautiful and substantial-looking structure. As long 
as family ties and family interest are preserved, such signs of 
dilapidation seldom occur, or are allowed to exist only for a 
short time. But in view of the fact that but a few years often 
suffice to scatter or extinguish a numerous famuly, it must 
strike the beholder as something strange that elegant and 
costly structures will be occasionally erected to mark the fam- 
ily plot, without provision being made for their future care or 
preservation. A very modest sum, proportionate to the nature 
and cost of the work, and well invested, would draw sufficient 
interest to keep it forever in respectable condition; and it 
would seem a sad want of judgment to expend the whole 
amount which a family is disposed to apply, merely to the cost 
of erecting a monument and beautifying the ground, then 
leaving their preservation in after years to fate. 

Calvary, perhaps, has no more than its proportion of these 
neglected graves, but it should not have any. 

JACOB JOHNSON'S, 

plot, E, Range i8, of this Section, contains a very neat mar- 
ble monument. The inclosure is of granite and iron, and the 
ground shows careful attention. 

Also in this Section Avill be noticed in Range 12, Plot J, the 
neat marble-inclosed plot marked 

GOTTLER, 

and the marble monument of the 

COKBOY 

family, which stands in Range 14, Plot S, and is about fifteen 
feet high, and surmounted by a cross. 

On the edge of the road (Mausoleum Avenue), and opposite 
the Family Vaults in Section 6, is the rather unique monu- 
ment and vault of the 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 25 



MURPHY 



family. The lower part is of marble and the upper of granite. 
In this locality also is the neat 

O'BRIEN 

monument, erected to the memory of a wife and two children. 
Their figures are cut in bold relief on the front of the shaft. 
The monument of 

WILLIAM CALLAHAN, 

close by, consists of a beautiful female figure about four feet 
in height, resting on a rustic cross, all in marble, and of fine 
workmanship. It is mounted on a pedestal of granite. 
Another neat monument is that in the 

LYONS 

Plot, in this Section. It is of marble, and has a profile like- 
ness set in the face of the column. 

\ MICHAEL TAGGART 

also has a very neat marble monument in this vicinity. A 
fluted column of very pure marble, supports an urn and wreath 
of the s^me material. 

It will\be observed that Section No. i is partly divided by 
St. John*^? Avenue. In order to designate the monuments in 
these two\parts, all that portion lying on the west side of the 
said avenuV, is known as Section i, West. In the latter part 
of the Sectbn is the 



\ 



DARDES 



plot. Range 12, Plot G, which is neatly inclosed, and appar- 
ently receives careful attention. The adjoining plot of 

0. HUGHES and J. McMAHON 

contains three headstones of similar design, which are nearly 
covered with floweis. 
Next to the above\is the 



26 • visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

moriarty 

plot, which possesses a neat marble monument of tasteful 
design and finish. 
The 

KIRCHHOrP 

family plot is in Range 12, Plot K, and has on it a fine 
marble headstone. Iron railings and marble posts form the 

inclosure. 

MRS. JANE Mclaughlin 

has a neat granite stone in Range 12, Plot N, erected to the 
memory of her son. 
The 

CniiLEN 

plot also has a granite headstone, which with the neatly kept 
inclosure forms a very pleasing sight to the eye. 
The headstone to the memory of 

ANNIE BRENNAN 

is in Range 12, Plot W, and next to it is the very neat ground 
of 

JAMES CARR, 

This plot would seem to receive assiduous attention, as its 
, well-watered flowers and nicely trimmed grass testify. 

DOMENICO BIIiLOTTO 

has an inclosed plot in Range 12, Plot Z, and next to it is the 

McCARRON 

plot, surrounded by iron railings, set in granite posts. 
Plot I, in Range 6, belongs to the 

MARTIN 

family, and has erected on it a neat marble monument. 

DR. O'SULLIVAN, 

father of the clergyman of that name, is int-rred in this range, 
in a plot inclosed with iron railings. A reonument of Italian 
marble has been erected here to his memory. 



.pHiiAi 




SECTION II. 




jipHIS is one of the earliest inclosed Sections of the 
Cemetery. There are many fine monuments in it, the 
principal of them, and one of great artistic merit, 
\being that erected to the memory of the late 



JAMES LYNCH, 

[Illustration,) 

on Plot O, Range 9, which is a little to the north of the 
resident clergyman's dwelling, and of which we give an illus- 
tratV)n. 

It\is in the classic style, and consists of a superstructure 
of sol\d Quincy granite, in the form of a tomb, with polished 
columVs supporting its entablature, surmounted by a draped 
sarcoplWgus, in one entire piece, of the finest Carrara marble. 
At eacmend of the base of the tomb, seated on clouds, is an 
angel, or^e with a trumpet, to call to judgment ; the other 
emblemat\c of immortality. These figures are separate me- 
morials. \he former having been erected to the memory of 
the late Mi«^ Katie Lynch, and the latter to the late Miss 
Agnes Lynci, his two daughters. 

The whole Vork rests on a vault constructed after the style 
of the old Rorian catacombs. 

Mr. James Xynch was born December 23, 1805, and died 
December 14, I'b^^. For nearly thirty years he devoted his at- 
tention to the gro\ery business on an extensive scale, in the city 
of New York, andVetired with a competency in the year 1853. 
He was a favorite ^ith all who enjoyed his acquaintance, and 
was well known to tse public through his good offices and his 
manifold services in\he advancement of all wise and chari- 



28 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

table undertakings that came to his notice. The lively in- 
terest he excited in all who knew him secured for him many- 
constant friends who now mourn his loss. His good deeds 
still survive him. The name of such men should be preserved. 
On 

MARTIN'S 

monument, in Range 9, Plot U, within a few steps of the 
Lynch monument, is the following inscription : 

" Loving, she was beloved ; 

Gentle in health ; 

Patient in sickness ; 

And at last made perfect 

Through suffering." 

The 

KERESEY , 

family have a well-kept plot and neat marble monument .'n 
this Section. The monument is of marble, surmounted by a 
cross, and is very chaste in design and execution. 
In 

WILLI AEE "WXLSON'S 

plot are the figures in marble of two little children in sleeping 
posture on a pillow, one with its arms around the other's 
neck in infantile affection. The whole conveys most .'Ticcess- 
fully the probable design of the sculptor — baby innocence. 
On the side, inclosed in wreaths, are the names ' Willie," 
" Jamie." 

REV. JOSEPH P. WOODS. 

In Plot 5, Range 7, rests the mortal remains of tnis brilliant 
young divine, a marble monument marking the sj'Ot. 

Father Woods was born in New York City, in the year 
1836. He was educated under the Jesuit Fathers, and gradu- 
ated from St. Francis Xavier's College. H- then entered 
St. Joseph's Theological Seminary, at Fordhaxi, was ordained 
by Archbishop Hughes in 1857, and immeJiately appointed 
assistant in the Cathedral. After four yea s of arduous labor 
he was promoted to the pastorate of St. Augustine's parish, 
Morrisania, where, as at the Cathedral, le endeared himself 
to his people. 

Father Woods possessed mental qidlifications of a high 



visitor's guide to calvary. cemetery. 29 

order, and contributed occasionally to some of the weekly and 
monthly publications. He was- a very popular preacher, and 
ihis sermons always went to the heart of his hearers. 
\ The incription reads — 

\ " Rev. Joseph P. Woods, 

\ Pastor of St. Augustine's Church, 

Morrisania, N. Y. 
Died January 20th, 1875, aged 38 years. 
Pray for his soul." 

PATRICK IUcCAFPERTY 

has\a neat marble monument in Range 3, Plot J, in the 
GotVic style, with cross on top. It is about fifteen feet high. 
In^Range 9, Plot K, is also the memorial of 

\ PRANCIS DEVLING, 

which\consists of a highly ornamented shaft, with a finely 
sculptired figure of " Faith " on top. Granite posts with 
iron raWgs form the inclosure. 

In tl> same Range, Plot L, is a unique headstone in the 
form of\ triple column of marble on a granite base. It is in 
the groul^ of 

RICHARD J. BUSHE, 

and one o^.he inscriptions show that Catherine Bushe, aged 
91 years, isViterred there. 

An impo^g column of marble occupies plot K, in Range 
II. It is ini^ie Gothic style, and bears the name of 

JOHN CONWAY. 

The inclosure \nsists of marble posts and iron railings. The 
ground present^, very neat appearance, as does also the 

CUNNINGHAM 

plot, L, in Range Y The memorial in the latter is of granite, 
with a cross on tof\ xhe die is highly polished. 

Another among i^ many fine monuments in this Section 
stands in the plot of\ 



30 ' visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

PATRICK MULVIHILL. 

The die is highly sculptured in imitation of leaves and flowers. 
The inclosure is of marble and iron. 

J. MANGAN 

has a canopy erected in his plot containing a very fine statue 
of the Blessed Virgin, about four feet in height. 

Just adjoining the monument to the late James Lynch, of 
which we give an illustration, is the family vault and monu- 
ment erected to the memory of his brother, 

PETER LYNCH. 

The entire work from the foundation stones to the bauti- 
ful life-size marble figure which surmounts the whole was 
executed in the most substantial and perfect manner, ro ex- 
pense being spared to make the monument one of the most 
beautiful and artistic ornaments in the Cemetery. 
The 

McEARRON 

monument is of marble, and stands about twenty-ive feet 
high. A neat iron railing incloses the plot, whici is also 
neatly kept. 

Almost adjoining it is the plot of 

PHILIP O'BRIEN, 

which contains a handsome marble shaft. The die is very 
finely chiseled, and the whole is surmounted ^y an angel 
pointing upward. 



SECTION III. 




LIETJT.-COL. JOHN EKTNIS. 



HIS gallant officer is interred in Range ii, Plot M, 
within a few feet of St. John's Avenue. The family- 
name of McCoy is on the headstone. He was in the 
army from his boyhood, having entered as a musician, served 
through the Mexican War, and after many terms of honorable 
service in the ranks as a soldier and non-commissioned officer, 
he retired to private life. Entering successfully into business, 
he left it at the breaking out of the late war to again serve his 
country. He took an active part in the formation of the 1st 
N. Y. Cavalry, afterward known as the " Lincoln Cavalry," 
in which he was a Captain. He remained with his command 
throughout all its campaigns, and when by death and casual- 
ties its numbers became reduced, and it was consolidated with 
the 14th Cavalry, he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel. 

He was a most popular officer among his comrades, and his 
gallantry won the esteem and confidence of his superiors. 

He died from disease contracted in the army. 

In this and some other Sections of the Cemetery, many sin- 
gle graves are to be met with, owned probably by persons not 
having the means of erecting the usual marble tablet ; but the 
evidence of a nicely raised mound, and the well-watered flow- 
ers upon the plot is sufficient to satisfy the beholder that the 
dead are not forgotten. It seems as if none but the untiring 
hand of affection could make the roses and mignonette bloom 
throughout the season, as they do on some of these humble 
resting-places in Calvary Cemetery. 



32 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY, 

In Plot I. Range 34, there is a monument erected to the 
memory of the late 

WILLIAM H. PO^WEIl. 

The stone used is Ouincy granite, the cross on top being of 
the same material. 

In Range 25, of this Section, is a plot which should be vis- 
ited. The gate bears the name of 

JOHN P. PEBRIE, 

and the interior consists principally of a number of marble 
statues of various sizes closely grouped together. The center- 
piece, as it might be called, is a tablet to the memory of 
Jeanne du Lux. 

In front of the die on which it rests, is carved in bold relief 
a death-bed scene. On the right of this monument or tablet 
stands a life-size figure of our Saviour, mounted on a pedes- 
tal, also of marble, and of circular shape, around which are 
shown the twelve Apostles, with the name under each figure. 
On the opposite side of the center-piece is a finely sculptured 
monument to the memory of 

BEV. PATRICK HENNESSY, 

Tate Chaplain of the Cemetery, on which are the usual priestly 
insignia. In the rear of the monument are statues represent- 
ing " Faith," " Hope," and " Charity," angels in kneeling 
posture, and many others. 

Marble vases containing blooming flowers are scattered 
around, somewhat relieving the bare aspect of the ground, 
which is paved with small square-cut flagging, in which is a 
door leading to the vaults beneath. The whole plot is surround- 
ed with substantial rails of marble. 

CLIPFORD and MAHONEY 

have a neat plot in this Section, adjoining Boundary Avenue, 
on which is erected a pretty little monument. The ground is 
inclosed by galvanized iron rails set in granite posts. Its loca- 
tion is Avenue 2, Plot O. 

The triangle formed by Mausoleum, Boundary, and St. John's 



VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 33 

Avenues, is a beautiful spot to visit on a summer afternoon. 
The owners of the plots located there, seem to be particular 
in keeping their grounds in neat order, and the perfume from 
the sweet-scented flowers therein implanted, is most refreshing. 
The locality is quiet, and the shade, after a walk in the hot 
sun, is very welcome. 

While gazing around contemplating the scene, the visitor 
will probably be reminded of the well-known " Elegy," part 
of which we quote : 

Beneath those rugged elms, that yew-tree's shade, 
Where heaves the turf in many a moldering heap, 
, Each in his narrow cell forever laid, 

The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep. 

The breezy call of incense-breathing morn. 

The swallow twittering from the straw-built shed, 

The cock's shrill clarion, or the echoing horn. 
No more shall rouse them from their lowly bed. 

For them no more the blazing hearth shall burn, 

Or busy housewife ply her evening care ; 
No children run to lisp their sire's return, 

Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share. 



" Here rests his head upon the lap of earth, 
A youth to fortune and to fame unknown ; 
Fair science frowned not on his humble birth, 
And melancholy marked him for her own. 

" Large was his bounty, and his soul sincere. 
Heaven did a recompense as largely send ; 
He gave to misery all he had — a tear. 

He gained from heaven — 'twas all he wished — a friend. 

" No further seek his merits to disclose. 

Or draw his frailties from their dread abode ; 
There they alike in trembling hope repose — 
The bosom of his Father and his God." 

No towering column rears its head in this quiet nook, but 
the visitor has before him some of the neatest and most grace- 
ful memorials to be found in the Section. 

Here, for instance, is an obelisk over the grave of the late 
3 



34 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

REV. THOMAS P. NEADE, 

in Range 2, Plot A. He was Assistant Pastor of St. Mary's 
Church, New York City, where he was born October 17, 1842, 
and died September 11, 1873, at the early age of 31 years. 
It is a marble column, in the face of which is carved a chalice 
and book. And close by it the neatly kept plot of 

CHRISTOPHEB CASEY, 

on which is a pretty little marble monument about twelve feet 
in height with a cross on top. 

Of somewhat similar design is the marble monument in the 
plot of 

JOHN SCOTT. 

almost adjoining, with the addition, however, of medallion- 
shaped heads of our Saviour, the Blessed Virgin, etc., being 
carved on the four sides of the shaft. 
The granite column on the ground of 

JOHN BADUM, 

in Range 2, Plot B, is one of the prominent objects which 
attract the eye in this vicinity. It stands in a full plot, and 
has the die highly polished., 
The 

LEAHY 

monument is also quite noticeable from the beautifully carved 
statue of an angel pointing upward, which surmounts it. 
There is no designation of range or plot on the gate-posts, as 
is usual. 

BENDER-MERKYIi, 

This plot is in Range 14, Plot N, and is a model of neatness 
and taste. No expensive monument stands there to attract 
the visitor's attention, but two very white, modest, marble 
headstones, each bearing one of the above names ; and the 
neat and well-kept interior of the inclosure proclaim to the 
stranger a lively affection of the living for the memory of 
the dead resting there. 

In this Section also stands, near the Mortuary Chapel, the 
neat g-ranite monument and inclosure of 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 35 

HENBY HUaHES, 

and the marble shaft erected by 

JOHN H. GREVE. 

In Range 13, Plot M, is an attractive column in marble bear- 
ing the name of 

" JffiTTRRAY." 

The shaft and die are delicately ornamented with festoons of 
flowers cut from the marble, and all is surmounted by a figure 
of an angel. Marble vases stand at the foot of the monument, 
which in season are filled with sweet-smelling flowers. 
The 

STACK 

inclosure, immediately adjoining, is somewhat noticeable from 
its rustic iron railings. 

T, and E. JAMME'S 

plot, E, Range 17, contains a neat marble pillar, and the ground 
shows considerable attention. The creeping plants at the base 
are allowed, however, to grow too thick, thereby hiding the 
inscription. 
The 

HERRICK 

plot contains two small and very neat- monuments erected to 
members of the family. 
The plot of 

FITZPATRICK and aXJINN 

is quite prominent by a fine marble monument erected on it. 
The stone was imported from Carrara, in Italy, and is of the 
finest quality. The figure on top is the work of an American 
artist, and of a high order of merit. 



SECTION IV. 



SOLDIERS' MONUMENT. 

IW'Lij'^ the breaking- out of the civil war in 1861, the Board 
•-^^^ of Management of Calvary Cemetery, with commend- 
^L^'^-. able forethought, made provision for the interment 
of the heroic Catholic soldiers of New York falling in the 
struggle, whose remains might otherwise be neglected or 
placed in unknown graves. To carry out this patriotic idea 
they presented to the City of New York four full plots, with 
their intersecting avenues, which, now inclosed, occupy one 
of the most conspicuQus parts of the ground. The monument 
erected here will for generations stand as a token that the 
authorities of Calvary Cemetery were among the first, if not 
the first, to realize their duty in providing a hallowed resting- 
place for the martyrs to the Union in the war of 1861-65. 

In response to this action, the city of New York erected a 
monument in the center of the plot, standing forty-five feet 
in height, composed of platform, pedestal, shaft, and capital, 
all crowned by a life-size bronze figure representing " Patriot- 
ism," holding a wreath of laurel to decorate the graves of the 
departed heroes. The work is composed of granite, with 
bronze emblems attached. Four bronze figures, each six feet 
high, stand, one at each corner of the platform, representing 
each arm of the service, as follows : Artillery, a cannonier ; 
Infantry, a soldier at a " rest," fully equipped, with musket, 
etc. ; Engineer, with ax on shoulder ; Cavalry, a trooper all 
ready to mount, each figure being a correct and striking rep- 
resentation of the character — the life-like expression of the 
faces being noticeable. The entire structure is a noble 
tribute to the patriotic dead. It is located in Section 4. 

The inscriptions are as follows : 




|nQ0LD3BY ^ONUp^ENT. 



tisitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 37 

In Memory of 

the Brave Men 

who gave their lives 

to preserve the Union. 

1861-1865. 



Honor the Brave. 
Requiescant in Pace. 



By the Mayor, 

Aldermen, and Commonalty 

of the 

City of New York. 



This Monument was erected 
A. D. 1866. 

On an appointed day each year various associations of 
veterans who served in the late Avar march to the Cemetery 
and decorate this noble memorial to their late comrades with 
the choicest flowers of the season. It is an old Catholic cus- 
tom, and has become very popular among all classes of citi- 
zens in this country. 

PELIX INGOLDSBY. 

{Illustration.) 

The monument to the memory of this well-known and 
much-honored merchant of New York City is situated in Plot 
K, Range 4, and is of Quincy granite, thirty- three feet high. 
The main column is composed of one block twenty-two feet 
in length. On the face of it will be perceived a fine profile, in 
bronze, of the deceased, his well-known features being easily 
recognized. 

He was respected by every one who knew him ; loved and 
reverenced by his friends ; a man who seemed to live and to 
enjoy life only to do good. The affection of his relatives, the 
attachment of his friends, could not protract his life on earth. 

Felix Ingoldsby was born in 1793, at Ballinamore, County 
Leitrim, Ireland. While he was yet a child, of some five 
years of age, his respected father was seized and imprisoned 



38 VISITOR''S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

in the troubles of 1798, for the crime of loving his country. 
The father found means to escape, and came to this country 
in the year 1800. 

Mr. Ingoldsby, the deceased, was the favorite nephew of an 
excellent Irish priest of the same name, who promoted his 
education with the desire of having him enter Holy Orders. 
But God had given him a different vocation. Not as a priest, 
but as a layman, with the luster and purity of a true Catholic 
gentleman, he was to serve God in his generation. He went 
to Dublin under the care of an uncle, a Mr. Eagan, an emi- 
nent hardware merchant. Having made himself thoroughly 
acquainted with all the mysteries of this business, he came to 
the United States in 181 8. His first engagement was with a 
hardware house in Charleston, S. C. This house found him 
so far better instructed than they, that they soon committed 
their fortunes into his hands, and he made their purchases in 
England and New York. His business capacity and knowl- 
edge was seen by others, and he was solicited to dissolve his 
connection with the Charleston house. Honor was the law of 
his life, and he would not do it, till the term of his business 
engagement was at an end. 

Then, over fifty years ago, he came to New York. He 
was, first, a junior partner, and afterward a senior partner, of 
an honorable hardware importing house in this city. 

His life in New York is known to all the reputable old 
Catholic residents of the city. He was here when the num- 
ber of wealthy and influential Catholics of New York was 
small. Whatever was to be done for religion, or for charity, 
or for the public good, counted Felix Ingoldsby as a liberal 
contributor. An old friend, who knew him well, once said, 
" Others do generous things, and like to have it known. 
Ingoldsby always Avanted to make it a condition of his gener- 
osities, that his name should not be mentioned." 

He carried wuth him to the hour of his death the quiet and 
resolute character of a man that, doing good on all sides, 
strove to keep a conscience void of offense before God and 
man. 

Adjoining the spot known as the " Alsop Cemetery," which 
is spoken of on page 15, is the 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 39 

SCANLON 

family plot, designated on the map as Range 2, Plot AA. 
It contains a neat monument of Italian marble, surmounted 
by a cross of the same material. Neat iron railings, supported 
by granite posts, inclose the ground. 

Passing along we come to the granite monument in the 
ground of 

H. and J. McPARLAN", 

located in Plot Y. It reaches an altitude of about twenty-five 
feet, and is crowned by a cross of the same enduring material 
as the shaft. The plot, which is inclosed by iron and granite, 
is kept in creditable order. 

The neat, white-painted iron railings surrounding the plot 
of 

MATTHEW S. SMITH 

next comes in view. A large marble monument stands in the 
center. 

The iron work inclosing the plot of 

JAME3 MURPHY 

is also of clear white color, and presents a neat appearance. 
The marble monument which stands within is of a high 
order of merit in monumental sculpture, and deserves the close 
attention of the visitor. It is about twenty-five feet high, 
and surmounted by an urn, which the drapery nearly covers. 
Flowers in festoons are carved on the upper die, in the most 
delicate manner. The ground is in keeping with the elegant 
structure. 

The fragrant flowers in the plot of 

J. M. and E. CONNOLLY, 

and neat appearance of its whole interior, make it a very 
pleasant and attractive spot, and highly creditable to the 
owners. 

Moving a few steps onward we come to the plot of 

JOHN FOLEY, 

also in Range 2, and designated as Plot K. A monument of 
very neat design and finish is erected here, on the top of 



40 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

which is a cross and harp, draped. On the face of the column, 
surrounded by a wreath of flowers, are the words : 

"A Tribute to Parental Love." 

The interior of the plot is most tastefully laid out in flower- 
beds. 

At the end of this range is the ground set apart for the 

SISTERS OF CHARITY. 

A gravelly walk down the center, and one from side to side, 
forming the sign of man's redemption, comprises the whole 
ornamentation to be seen. 

Adjoining it, and separated only by a railing, is the burying 
place of the good 

SISTERS OF MERCY. 

Several mounds in the western end of the plot tell us of 
some that have already gone to meet that Master for whose 
sake they abjured the world and its pleasures. 

Opposite to the above, and inclosed in a" similar manner, is 
a plot on the gate of which we read as follows : " Ground of 
St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum of the Church of the MoST 
Holy Redeemer, Third Street, and of St. Alphonsus' 
Church, South Fifth Avenue, New York City." 

Turning into Range 3, the visitor notices the neatly-kept 
plot of 

JOHN EGAN", 

with a door leading down to the family vault, and a little fur- 
ther on the 

RILEY 

plot, with its granite posts and neat iron railings. 
Next to it is the ground of 

JOHN RYAN, 

literally covered with flowers, sending their sweet perfume for 
many yards around. Nothing is more appropriate on a grave 
than flowers. They speak of undiminished affection of the 
living for the memory of the dead, and the proudest monu- 
ment loses half its beauty without a few planted around it. 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 41 

A tapering marble monument, surmounted by a cross, 
marks Plot Z, the property of the 

REED 

family. The inscription on the shaft reads as follows : 

"Affection's tribute from one who loved her. To the ex- 
alted virtues of Eliza M., wife of Alfred A. Nunes. Born 
December 29th, 1825. Passed to rest October 20th, 1865." 
And on the die — 

" All that's beautiful in woman, 
All we in her nature love ; 
AH that's good' in all that's human, 
Passed from earth to God above." 

Directly in rear of this plot is a little headstone inscribed : 
" In memory of Mary Mx\rgaret Hardie, daughter of 

Lieut.-Col. Hardie, U. S. A., died October 26th, 1863, aged 

8 years 28 days." 

Plot X, Range 4, contains the 

MALONE 

monument, entirely surrounded by evergreens, and adjoining 
it, in Plot VV, rises the handsome marble memorial erected by 

PATRICK BROPHY, 

Further on, in Plot S, is the pillar-shaped monument owned 
by 

THOMAS KENNEDY, 

supporting a very fine marble figure of our Saviour appearing 
to the Apostles after the resurrection. 
In the same Range is the neat plot of 

L. B. BINSSE and FRITH, 

containing three headstones. 

McMENOMY. • 

In Range 2, Plot O, of this Section, stands an elegantly 
polished granite column of some twenty-five feet in height. 
It is to the memory of the late John McMenomy, one of 



42 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

New York's most respected citizens, and one of the original 
managing committee of Calvary Cemetery. He died August 
8, 1866, aged 73 years. 

The memorial is in the Gothic style, surmounted by a 
draped urn. The inclosure is of massive Quincy granite. 

RAPPETTI. 

A beautiful life-size group in marble, representing Faith 
and Hope, attracts the visitor to the plot Range 6, Plot T, 
wherein is interred Michell Angelo Rappetti, a native of 
Bologna, Italy, who died in New York, June 24, 1863, The 
figure stands on a neat pedestal, which bears the words 
" Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord." 

Immediately adjoining the large grave is a smaller one, at 
the head of which, on a rustic marble scroll reads, " Theodore." 
It suggests the idea of a child calmly sleeping in its little cot 
by the side of its parents. 

COL. T. J. O'MEARA. 

Just adjoining the Soldiers' Plot rises a neat, marble column, 
marking the grave of this brave Illinois soldier. He was 
Colonel of the 90th Regiment of Volunteers 'of that State, and 
died November 27, 1863, from wounds received in the battle 
of Missionary Ridge, Tenn. Aged 27 years, 3 months and 
1 1 days. 

On the upper part of the shaft is sculptured, in bold relief, 
a sword, sash, and officer's belt. 

EDWAUD DUNIGAJST— JAMES B. KIRKER.* 

The two men whose names head this notice once comprised 
the great Catholic publishing firm of Edward Dunigan & 
Brother. Their house Avas familiar to the Catholic people 
throughout the American continent, and its fame reached to 
wherever Catholicism had a home. 

One of their greatest works was the issuing of an edition of 
the Bible, with Haydock's notes throughout, in a style, which, 
at the time, challenged the appreciation of literary men of all 
creeds. The most celebrated artists of America were engaged 



VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 43 

to illustrate it with their finest specimens of engravings on 
steel, and all the printers' art and binders' skill was employed 
in its publication. It took years and a fortune to complete 
it, and was the dream of Mr. Dunigan's life. But he never 
lived to see it finished, nor to receive a gold medal which the 
Holy Father had struck and sent to the firm in recognition of 
its enterprise. The medal arrived at the Custom-house while 
he was breathing his last. His half-brother, James B. Kirker, 
the other member of the firm, continued the business until 
his death in 1868. The two brothers, with their mother, lie 
beneath this monument, on which their profiles are carved in 
bas-relief. 

The inscriptions read : " Edward Dunigan, a native of New 
York, died September 6, 1853, aged 41 years." 

" The name of Edward Dunigan is identified with the 
Catholic literature of his country ; and while his enterprise 
and probity commanded the admiration and respect of the 
business comimunity, his kindly virtues won for him the en- 
during love of his kindred and friends. A good son, a kind 
brother, and a firm friend. He was beyond all an honest 
man." 

On the other side : 

" James B. Kirker, died February 28, 1868, aged 47 years." 

The death of Mr. Kirker was regretted by all who had the 
pleasure of knowing hirn. A most honorable, upright man — 
he was large-hearted and liberal, and faithful in the discharge 
of every social duty. Mr. Kirker was ever remarkable for his 
gentle, unobtrusive deportment, and an amiability of disposi- 
tion that made him generally beloved as well as respected. 
During the late war, he proved his patriotism by leaving home 
and friends and joining the " Corcoran Legion," with which 
gallant corps he saw some hard service, until his failing health 
compelled him to return home. 

By the Catholic publishers of the United States Mr. Kirker 
was highly esteemed ; in his relations with the trade generally 
he was most fair and honorable. Such had ever been the 
character of the house of Edward Dunigan & Brother, and 
that high character Mr. Kirker maintained to the last. 

Plot M, the property of 



44 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

PATRICK TRENOR, 

has a monument erected by him to the memory of Anna M., 
his wife. It is of Italian marble, having on top a vase of 
flowers, from which springs a cross. 

J. and M. OLWELL 

have a very beautiful monument erected in their ground, 
Avhich is most delicately sculptured, and deserves more than a 
passing notice from the visitor. It is of very fine marble, 
about fifteen feet in height, and has an urn supporting a 
wTcath on each side of the die. 
On the plot of 

MAHANEY, 

just a short distance from the above, is a handsome granite 
monument. The interior of the plot is a model of order and 
neatness. 

A pretty little obelisk in Plot H, belonging to 

p. TONER, 

bears the following lines : 

" Let weeping virtue around thy tomb 
And pious friendship wai] thy early doom ; 
Yet worth like thine sustains no rude decay, 
Though time should sweep these sculptured lines away. 
Here, with the ills of life thy son-ows end, 
Thou best of husbands, father, and friend." 

In Range 5, Plot H, 

DR. E. CONWAY 

has a very neat monument to the memory of his father and 
mother. 

Adjoining the above is a Scotch granite pillar, in the plot 
of 

JOHN S. SCTJLLY, 

erected to the memory of Margaret R., his wife. The ground 
surrounding it is ornamented with beautiful flowers, planted 
with judgment and good taste, and the plot can be mentioned 
as among the* model ones of the Cemetery. 

We now approach the plot containing the mortal remains 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 45 

of one whose name was as familiar as a "household word" 
throughout the country during the early part of the late war. 
A marble monument of neat design is erected thereon, 
giving us the name of 

MICHAEL CORCOHAN, 

Brig. -Gen, U. S. Vols. 

It was erected during the lifetime of the latter, to the memory 
of his mother, interred there, and whose name occupies the 
front of the die. 

General Corcoran was born in Carrowkeel, County Sligo, 
Ireland, September 21, 1827. He was descended from the 
fighting Earl of Lucan, through his great-grandmother, who 
was a daughter of William Fitzgerald, of Cloonmore, County 
Roscommon, and great-granddaughter of the noted Sarsfield, 
Earl of Lucan. This Miss Fitzgerald married, in 1746, Patrick 
McDonagh. 

The title and estates of the Lucan family were confiscated 
after the noble defense of Limerick, during the seventeenth 
century, and were conferred on the Bingham family for ser- 
vices rendered the British crown. By this act General Cor- 
coran's family lost all claim upon the valuable estates of 
Lucan and Castlebar. 

General Corcoran received the benefit of a good English 
education up to the time of his reaching his nineteenth year, 
when, through some powerful influence, he obtained an ap- 
pointment in the Irish constabulary establishment. He re- 
mained in this position for about three years, during which 
time he was stationed in the pretty locality of Creeslough, in 
the County Donegal. But the young Ireland feeling was too 
strongly imprinted on his mind to enable him to be content 
in that position, and fearful lest some cause might arise by 
the influence of which he would be tempted to b?eak through 
all restraint, he, in August, 1849, resigned his position and 
emigrated to America. 

General Corcoran first commenced his military life as a 
private in the Sixty-ninth Regiment, New York State Militia, 
under Captain Judge. He displayed some amount of talent, 
and was promoted to orderly sergeant and subsequently to be 



46 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

lieutenant. He was next commissioned to be Captain of Com- 
pany A, and in that capacity took part in the Quarantine 
riots in 1858. . Captain Corcoran was then the senior captain 
of the regiment, and gained especial praise for his m.ilitary 
knowledge and skill. 

On August 25, 1859, ^^^ was elected to fill the vacant 
colonelcy of the regiment, and was fully commissioned soon 
after. One principal feature of the time of his holding this 
position of Colonel, was his refusal, when ordered by his 
general officer, to parade his command in honor of the Prince 
of Wales' visit to the city of New York, during the fall of 
i860. For this offense he was court-martialed, but in conse- 
quence of the breaking out of the war, which necessitated the 
sending of the militia regiments to the national capital, the 
proceedings were quashed ; and at the head of the Sixty-ninth, 
he, although at the time suffering ill health, started among 
the first lot of troops for Washington. 

The regiment was speedily sent into Virginia, where the 
men comprising it built on Arlington Heights a fort, which 
was at first named Fort Seward, in honor of the then Secre- 
tary of State, but, at the special desire of the latter, af- 
terward called Fort Corcoran. When the army advanced 
toward Bull Run, under General McDowell, it was placed in 
General T. W. Sherman's Brigade. The gallantry of the 
regiment during the battle of Bull Run, on July 21, 1861, is 
well known and remembered. The Colonel was taken captive, 
first sent to Richmond, and afterward to Charleston, S. C, 
where he remained a close prisoner for nearly a whole year. 

In company with several other officers he was exchanged 
and released, and was commissioned a Brigadier-General of 
Volunteers, to date from July 21, 1861. 

He next organized the Corcoran Legion, which took part 
in the. battle of Nansemond River and Suffolk, during April, 
1863, and helped to hold the enemy's advance upon Norfolk 
entirely in check. The Legion was during August, 1863, 
added to the Army of the Potomac, and General Corcoran 
was placed in command of the post and of the forces at Fair- 
fax Court House, where he died from a fall from his horse, 
December 22, 1863. 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 47 

His body was received with special honors in the city of 
New York, and lay in state in the City Hall for two days. 

The inscription on the monument reads : 

" Michael Corcoran, Brig.-Gen'I U. S. V., died while in dis- 
charge of his duty at Fairfax Station, Va., December 22, 1863, 
aged 36 years. An honest, earnest, brave man." 

The plot of 

M. J. HIGGINS 

is very neatly and tastefully laid out. A marble door covers 
the entrance to a spacious vault beneath. 
Next to it 

R. FLANAGAN 

has a plot inclosed by a pretty evergreen border. 
In the ground of 

CHARLES McMANUS, 

Plot T, we find an elegant monument of Quincy granite, stand- 
ing thirty feet in height. It is surmounted by a cross of the 
same material, and presents a most imposing appearance. 
Heavy posts, also of granite, support rails of galvanized iron, 
which encircle the plot. The interior is kept in very neat 
order. 

In the 

SULLIVAN 

plot, a few steps away, is a very pretty little monument of 
marble well worth looking at. 
The plot of 

J. ZAPP and A. MILLER 

is also a most pleasant sight. It is completely covered with 
the most beautiful flowers, the most prominent of which are 
roses in great variety, geraniums, jessamines, etc., forming a 
rich and charming floral display. A neat marble monument 
stands at the head of the plot. 

Adjoining the above is the monument of 

p. BOSLET, 

with medallion likenesses on the shaft. 



48 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

Walking through Range 12, we come to the small but neat 
memorial in the plot of 

LUKE BRENNAN, 

on which is Inscribed these lines : 

" Passing stranger, think this not 
A place of fear and gloom ; 
We love to linger near the spot, 
It is our Father's tomb." 

In Range 20, Plot O. 

JAMES and JOHN McGILL 

have a fine granite obelisk, surrounded by a very neat ground. 
Near b}' is the neat marble monument erected b}- his widow, 
over the remains of 

COL. F. X. HUSTON, 

who commanded the 2d X. Y. Volunteer Regiment, and was 
killed at the battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2, 1863. It is an 
obelisk in shape, and in front has the coat-of-arms of the regi- 
ment, sword, etc., delicately carved. On the lower die are in- 
scribed the following lines : 

" Look not, nor sigh for earthly throne. 
Nor place thy trust in arm of clay ; 

But on thy knees 
Uplift thy soul to God alone, 
For all things go their destined way, 

As he decrees." 

And on the other side is : 

" Then, daughter of O'Donnell, dry 
Thine overflowing eyes, and turn 

Thy heart aside, 
For Adam's race is born to die. 
And sternly the sepulchral urn 
Mocks human pride." 

JAMES KELLY, 

formerly Postmaster of the city of New York, is interred in 
Plot O, Range 7, in the family vault, with his wife and several 



visitor's guide to calvary C£MeTERY. 49 

of his children. He was the son of an old and respected mer- 
chant of that city, and at an early a,ge entered the political 
arena, speedily becoming a prominent and influential politician. 
In politics, Mr, Kelly had been what was called an old line 
Henry Clay whig, and subsequently became a republican. He 
was appointed Postmaster, on Mr. Lincoln becoming President, 
and during the five years deceased held office, he gained the 
respect of the mercantile community by the courteous attention 
to the public which characterized his administration. Beside 
the political positions held by the deceased, he also filled sev- 
eral important trusts in the interest of the people, such as the 
presidency of the Stuyvesant Insurance Company, a director- 
ship in the Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank, and a place in 
the Board of Emigration Commissioners. 

He died January lo, 1871, In the fifty-ninth year of his age. 

KENNEDY. 

A round marble column stands in the plot of Thomas Ken- 
nedy. It is surmounted by an artistically conceived and 
finely executed figure of our Saviour with pierced hands as he 
appeared to the Apostles after the Resurrection. This monu- 
ment will be found in Range 4, Plot S. 

A granite pedestal about eight feet In height, holds a very 
fine marble statue of " Hope," in the plot of 

MICHAEL HUBPHY 

in this range. The figure, four feet high. Is a meritorious piece 
of work, and was erected to the memory of the owner's wife. 
The adjoining ground is the plot of 

JAMES McKENNA, 

and has erected on It a fine marble monument. The upper 
die is elegantly sculptured to represent festoons of flowers. 
On the face of the shaft is carved a cro\v^n of thorns In the 
center of which is a cross. 
Plot M, the property of 

ANDREW BRADY, 

also contains a memorial of very neat design. It is a pillar 
of clear white marble, and exhibits carving of a superior char- 
4 



50 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

acter. On the die, which is circular, four scrolls 'are cut, the 
top of each scroll being ornamented Avith twining flowers. 
On the front tablet is engraved : 

" Our beloved parents, 
Andrew and Margaret Brady." 

" Hope is the blossom of Happiness. 
Gratitude the memory of the Heart." 

Passing into Range 6, we notice on Plot L,' owned by 

p. and M. TREACY, 

another among the many fine monuments which make a visit 
to Section 4 so attractive. It is of large proportions, and dis- 
plays much artistic taste on the part of the designer and artist. 
The lower die is elaborately sculptured, and the whole work is 
crowned by a marble group. 
In the next plot, belonging to 

JOHN O'MEABA, 

another rich memorial points to the clouds. On the face the 
artist pictures a spirit ascending, accompanied by angelic 
guides. 

The interior of the inclosure is very neatly laid out. 

Adjoining the above is the ground of 

BRYAN MARTIN, 

containing a handsome granite monument, some twenty feet 
in height, with the base surrounded by flower-beds. 
In the next plot, owned by 

GEO. W, CONNELL, 

is another fine monument of marble, the upper part being made 
to appear heavily draped. Above all is a funeral urn. This 
plot is also liberally planted with flowers, and is very pleasant 
to the eye. 

Plot ]\I, Range 10, is made conspicuous by a large monument 
erected by 



VISITORS GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 51 

PETER G. RICE. 

The top represents heavy drapery, the folds of which are 
drawn aside, disclosing a monogram on the front of the shaft. 
Marble crosses stand on each side of the base. 

In Range 13, we find, in Plot O, the very neatly-kept ground 
of 

J. A. LATTBY, 

on which is a granite pillar some twenty feet high. 

COL. MATTHE-W MTJRPHY. 

A plain and unpretending marble column in Range 3, Plot 
V, of this Section, marks the resting-place of the remains of 
one of the Union's bravest and most patriotic sons during the 
late war. 

Abandoning his position as vice-principal in one of our 
public schools, he entered the army at the first call of the 
nation as a soldier in the ranks, and with musket and knapsack 
he marched to the front, resolved to perform his whole duty 
to his country. 

His talents and ability, as well as his bravery, soon made him 
prominent even among the brave men who were his comrades, 
and he was promoted from time to time until he attained the 
rank he held when his death-wound was received. 

He served in the Army of the Potomac during the whole of 
the war, and was in many engagements, always evincing the 
greatest gallantry. He escaped without a wound, until one of 
the last battles, when peace had almost dawned, Providence in 
his* divine wisdom willed he should become a martyr on the 
altar of his country. While leading his command at the bat- 
tle of Hatcher's Run, Va., February 5, 1865, he received his 
death-wound, and died in hospital at City Point, April 15, 
1865, aged 25 years, six days after the attainment of that peace 
which so many thousands of his race had already died to se- 
cure. May he rest in peace. 

DANIEL MURPHY. 

This monument, erected by Daniel Murphy, Esq., of New 
York, situated in Section 4, Range 7, Plot N, is from its size 
and architectural beauty a point of much interest to the visitor. 



52 VISITOR S GUIDE TO CALVARY CEMETERY. 

In its whole design and construction the idea of solidity 
and durability, united to artistic form and finish, has guided 
the architect and owner throughout. The material used is 
■granite, of the kind known as Railway Quincy granite, taken 
from a block specially selected for the purpose, and is polished 
in the highest manner. At the base it is six feet square, and 
reaches a total height of thirty-four feet. The die is known 
as the scroll die, three feet six inches square, and five feet 
high, with arched curving molds terminating on the edges 
with a scroll, and embellished with colossal shamrock leaves, 
the whole die being also polished. On the summit of the shaft 
is a cross nearly four feet in height, at the apex and at the 
ends of the arms of which are convex curves, representing 
three half circles, and like the rest of the work most elabo- 
rately polished. 

At the base of the monument is a large family vault, con- 
structed like all other work in this plot, in the most substantial 
manner, no expense being spared to make it enduring. 

■ The inclosure consists of a sub-coping of bluestone, neatly 
worked, above which is placed a solid granite railing, supported 
about four inches above the coping by granite posts. 

The whole structure can hardly be surpassed for neatness 
and lasting solidity. The faithful interred in this plot are 
Solomon C. H. Murphy, A. M., a son of the owner, and Michael 
Murphy a brother, who was killed at the battle of Fair Oaks, 
Va., while gallantly fighting in the ranks of the 55th N. Y. 
Volunteers. 

The former was a young man of great promise. He gradu- 
ated with the highest honors from St. John's College, Fordham, 
and studied law in the University of New York, also winning 
a high position in its graduating class. He entered into prac- 
tice in New York City, his talents and eloquence gaining him 
what soon would have been a most prominent position at 
the bar. 

He died at the age of twenty-four years. 

LIEUT. ENNIS. 

A modest stone erected in Range 4, Plot H, of Section 4, 
near the Soldiers' monument, marks the last resting-place of 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 53 

a gallant young officer who died in the service of his country 
during the late war. Lieut. Wm. Henry Ennis, of the Ninth 
N. Y. Volunteers, was in his early youth an altar-boy of St. 
Joseph's Church, New York City, and was the son of Henry 
J. Ennis, Esq., well known in former years as the Superinten- 
dent of the Sunday-School attached to that Church, and re- 
spected in business circles as a merchant of strict integrity. 
Lieut. Ennis, evincing a taste for military life, entered a com- 
pany, and such was his proficiency and aptitude, that at the 
breaking out of the war, when its services were offered to and 
accepted by the Government, he was appointed First-Lieuten- 
ant. He proved himself an able officer and strict disciplina- 
rian, earning the respect of his fellow officers and love of his 
men. He always distinguished himself, but particularly so at 
the attack on Roanoke Island, and the battle of South Mills. 
May he rest in peace. 



SECTION V. 




HIS Section is located in the southern corner of the 
Cemetery, adjoining Penny Bridge and the Flushing 
Railroad. ]\Iany early interments were made here, 
and a walk through it will be interesting. 

Being somewhat out of the usual line of travel for the car- 
riages going to and returning from funerals in other portions 
of the Cemetery, it preserves the solemn quiet so much in 
keeping with the sacred character of the place. 

" Hark ! how the sacred calm that breathes around, 
Bids ever}' tumultuous passion cease ; 
In still small accents whispering from the ground, 
A grateful eai-nest of eternal peace." 

In Range 21, Plot N, is the family vault of 

JAMES O'RGTJRKE, 

neatly inclosed with railings, and presenting an appearance of 
affectionate attention on the part of the owner. 

Close by is one of the most imposing monuments in this 
Section. It was erected to the memory of the late 

JOHN COIiTON, 

and consists of a marble shaft and die, set on a granite base. 
The material is a very white marble, and reaches a height of 
twenty-five feet. 

At the intersection of Boundary and Locust Avenues, in 
Range 2, Plot Z, are interred the remains of a soldier of two 
hemispheres : 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 55 

jphn gallagher, 

having served ten years in the Queen's Life Guards of England, 
volunteered, as his epitaph states, " in the American Army to 
put down Secession," and received wounds at Fredericksburg, 
Va., December 13, 1862, from which he died. He was 40 
years of age. The grave he lies in is a modest one; but a 
national flag and a profusion of flowering plants, well cared 
for, can always be found covering it. 

A very neat headstone, with an ornamented cross on top, is 
erected on the plot of 

THOMAS "WHELAN, 

and in its immediate vicinity we notice a modest little mon- 
ument, of extremely neat design, to the memory of 

ERANCIS ST. JAMES, 

while adjoining it is another one erected by 

JTJLIA McCarthy, 

equally worthy of attention. Both are of marble. 

LUKE McGTJIRE 

has a neatly arranged plot, inclosed by railings of galvanized 
iron, set in granite posts. 

The brownstone monument of 

DENIS LOONIE, 

in this Section, is square, with a tablet on the front on which 
is the inscription deeply cut in. On the top is an ornamented 
cross with the Latin motto : 

" In hoc Sigiio Vmces." 
Evergreens form the inside border of the ground of 

JAMES SPILLANE, 

and a neat monument marks the spot. The plot is also sub- 
stantially inclosed with railings. 

Another very pretty inclosure is Plot Q, on the granite posts 
of which is the name 



56 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

EGGLESO. 

At the head of the plot is a thick block of granite, with a pol- 
ished band running around it, on the curved top of which we 
read the family name, and on the front the single word 
" Wife/' 

M. and B. LAYDEN 

possess a neat little inclosed ground close by the above. The 
interior is tastefully laid out, and exhibits every mark of care 
and attention on the part of the owners. 

A marble monument rising to a height of fifteen feet, sur- 
mounted by a cross, marks the 

RYAN" 

plot, in Range 21. It is of a very neat design, and Is an orna- 
ment to this portion of the Section. Iron railings, supported 
by stone posts, form the inclosure. 

In the same Range, Plot P, is the marble tablet marking the 
graves of the 

TUOMEY 

family. A flower-bed in the shape of a heart, surrounded by 
a pebbly path, ornaments the interior. 



SECT.ION VI. 




IHIS Section has been but recently laid out, and already 
promises to be one of the most beautiful in the Cem- 
etery. Situated on elevated ground, from it a fine 
view can be had of a great part of Sections i, 3, and 4, which 
lay to the north and west of it. At the base of the hill is 

the 

Receiving Vault, 

and also the family vaults, all constructed in the most substan- 
tial manner, of various shades of granite, to suit the owner's 
taste. All have the latter's names cut on the front, and among 
them may be mentioned : 

GAITTON, PLANNELLY, 

DYKERS, KIVEKA, 

SWEENEY, KERBIGAN, 

TWA-RTT?., MONTANT. 

Most of these tombs have grated iron doors disclosing the 
interior. 

In this Section also stands the Chaplain's residence, which 
is a plain structure in the Gothic cottage style. 

The duty required of the Chaplain is so constant and unre- 
mitting, that it is a matter of necessity for him to reside 
within the Cemetery, or contiguous to it. The office demands 
his presence from morn till night, in all seasons and in all 
weathers. 

The visitor to Section 6, cannot fail to notice a double plot, 
inclosed by granite coping, bearing the name of 

PO'WEK. 

Great care was taken in laying the foundations for the wall, 
and the work promises to be most lasting. 



58 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

REV. IfflCHAEL McKENNA. 

In Range 9, Plot Z, a small monument of unique design 
marks the resting-place of this much respected clergyman. 

It is a square block of Italian marble resting on a granite 
base, supporting a cross three fe^t nine inches high, in the 
Gothic style of the old Irish crosses once so common there. 

The Reverend deceased was pastor and founder of the 
Church of St. Rose of Lima, New York City; born at Green- 
castle, County Donegal, Ireland, in 1820, and was therefore in 
the fifty-fifth year of his age. He was educated at Maynooth 
College, and ordained priest on the 6th day of June, 1846, by 
the Rt. Rev. Dr. Kelly, of Derry, and was immediately as- 
signed to the Cathedral of that diocese. 

In 1859, Father McKenna visited this country to collect 
funds to aid in the erection of the new Cathedral in Derry. 
His mission was most successful, and his remittances made to 
Bishop Kelly enabled that prelate to continue the erection C,* 
of the Cathedral without financial embarrassment. 

Father McKenna after his visit here became greatly attached ' 
to this country, and by his own request was transferred to St. 
Peter's Church, Barclay Street, in this city, and afterward to 
St. Mary's, Grand Street. In 1866 the parish of St. Rose of 
Lima was created, and he was appointed its first pastor. 

MOORE-NEWMAN. 

This is a most substantial double monument, the shaft being 
divided by a deeply cut line, as is also the die. It presents 
with the inclosure a very neat and pleasing appearance, dis- 
playing much taste in its design and construction. It stands 
about twenty-one feet in height, is of Egyptian order of archi- 
tecture, and of the best Quincy granite. 

On the shaft, inclosed in palm wreaths, are the monograms 
" M.— N." 

On the brow of the hill stands prominently, in the plot of 

RICHARD MIJ1.ROONEY, 

a very neat polished granite pillar of circular form, set on a 
square die. On top is a cross of granite, also highly polished. 
It stands in Range 5, Plot CC. 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 59 

Next to it is the neat marble monument of 

C. CALLAHAN, 

which is erected in a very prettily kept plot. 

Passing to the next Range, 6, Plot AA, we stop to admire 
a granite pillar on a square die, with bronze ornaments. It is 
erected to Adele Astoin, in the ground of the 

ASTOIN 

family. The adjoining* plot, the property of the same owners, 
contains a granite pillar set on a low base of the same kind of 
stone, and has a bronze statue of St. John preaching in the 
wilderness, about three and a half feet in height. 
In Range lo, Plot Z, 

TERENCE CUSACK 

has a pretty monument in an inclosure of iron railings set in 
granite posts. 

A few steps from the above, in Range 7, Plot AA, the 
handsome monument to the memory of 

William: h. king 

is a prominent object. The sculpturing on it is very fine, and 
deserves spe(?ial notice. 

A beautiful emblematic figure in marble, leaning on a rustic 
cross, is a memorial of 

JOHN G. TOBIN, 

and stands near the neatly kept ground of 

CONNOLLY, 

in Range 9, Plot Y. 

The granite monument to 

JOSEPH MOSEBACH, 

in Range 10, Plot Y, comes next in view. The die is highly 
polished, and, with the carefully kept grounds, presents a very 
pleasing appearance to the eye. 

Brownstone has been very little used in the Cemetery, but 



6o visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

in Range 13, Plot Y, is a memorial in the shape of a sarcopha- 
gus in that material to 

SIRO SA3LZI, 

a native of Switzerland, which is very neat. The top is made 
to form a cross in the center. The plot is inclosed with a 
brownstone coping, and vases, also of brownstone, containing 
flowers, are placed at each corner. 

The granite stone erected to the late 

JOSEPH HOGUET, 

stands in a raised plot with evergreens surrounding it. 

The attention is next attracted to the marble memorial of 
the late 

■REV. JOHN BEADY. 

Pastor of St. Anthony's Church, Greenpoint, L. I. He was 
born 'Slay 7, 1817, and died March 5, 1872. He was a native 
of County Cavan, Ireland, but his theological studies were 
made in the United States. The Reverend gentleman was 
for some years attached to the diocese of Hartford. The 
memorial is about fifteen feet in height, and has on the front 
a fine profile of the deceased. On top is a chalice, book, etc. 
Just opposite the above is the very neat plot of 

WILLIAM PATTERSON, 

suitably inclosed, and in Range 9, Plot X, is a pretty little 
monument belonging to the 

GILLIGAN 

family. 

J. and P. CUERY 

have a plot in Range 7, Plot 9, on which is erected a very fine 
marble monument to the memory of their brother. 
In Range 5, Plot X, owned by 

JAMES MOAKLEY, 

is a granite obelisk to the late William ISIoakley. And in the 
next plot is a marble monument, fifteen feet in height, erected 
by 

■WTLLIAM CAREY, 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 6i 

Another prominent object in this Section stands on the 
ground of 

JACOB JTJST, 

being a fine marble column surmounted by a cross, erected to 
the memory of Karl Friederich, The whole plot is planted 
with sweet-smelling flowers, all of which seem to receive the 
most affectionate care. 

In the next plot rises a neat granite monument as a memo- 
rial to 

THOMAS COSTELLO, 

who died in 1874; and adjoining, in the plot of 

ANN CHESTER, 

is another monument of Quincy granite. The ground is a 
model of neatness and order. 

In Range 11, Plot W, is a highly sculptured marble monu- 
ment, erected by 

GEOKGE W. ELLIOT 

to his step-son, John Alonzo Sinclair. It is of very neat 
design and has an angelic figure on top. 

A double plot comes next to view, being the property of 
the 

WALSH BROTHERS. 

It is inclosed with galvanized iron rails set in massive granite 
pillars. 

In the plot of 

HENRY McCLOSKEY, 

Range 15, Plot W, is a monument erected to the memory of 
the 

REV. WILLIAM McCLOSKEY, 

a young priest, who died June 18, 1872, aged 29 years. Carved 
on the front is the priestly insignia of baretta, chalice, etc. 

Prominent among the many attractive spots in Section 6, 
is the plot of 

CORNELIUS CLARKE, 

in Range 14, Plot W. Its neat appearance, and the granite 
monument erected within it, show that the memory of the 
dead is still green in the breasts of the living. 



62 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

In the same category also might be mentioned the 

CTJU.EN 

plot adjoining, and the grounds of the 

BENEVTLLE 

family, which exhibit much taste and attention on the part of 
the owners. 

In Range i6. Plot V, is the family burial-place of 

HUGH O-SEILLY, 

surrounded by a massive granite and iron railing, and adjoin- 
ing is the 

GOODWIN 

plot, on which stands a neat granite monument, which is very 
pleasing in its outline. 

In this group, also, stands the monument erected as a memo- 
rial to 

JAMES KELLY, 

by his wife. It consists of a marble shaft, with an angel of 
the same material on top. 

MICHAEL KIERNAN 

has a neat marble obelisk in Range 24, Plot V, which is in- 
closed with galvanized iron rails supported by granite posts. 

The neatly kept ground in Range 19, Plot 10, is the property 
of 

DAVID FITZGERALD. 

In Range 14, Plot T, rises a tapering monument owned by 

JAMES KOONEY, 

and next to it is the plot and marble monument of 

OWEN CONNOLLY, 

adjoining which, in Range 13, Plot T, is the plot and handsome 
marble monument of 

PETER BOYLAN. 

In Range 15, Plot S, is the neatly inclosed ground of 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 63 

COKNEIilUS J. RYAN, 

and in its immediate vicinity the granite coping which incloses 
the plot of the 

LIVINGSTON 

family. 

A Fireman's monument stands in Range 17. It was erected 
to the memory of 

JOHN O'NEILL, 

a native of New York, and a member of its fire department, 
who died in the discharge of duty, August 16, 1874, aged 32 
years. On the face of the monument is very neatly carved a 
fireman's hat crowned by a wreath of flowers. 
Range 21 has a very shapely monument in the 

HUGHES 

plot. The ground is a model of neatness. 

Prominent in Range 22 is the granite memorial to the late 

JOHN MILHAU, 

well known to many citizens as one of the old New York 
merchants, a class now rapidly becoming extinct. 

Over thirty years ago he commenced business as a druggist, 
on a modest scale, in the lower part of Broadway, and with a 
great increase of scope, the business he then originated occu- 
pies the same site to-day. He amassed considerable wealth 
during his life, but he left what is far more valuable as a legacy 
— a record of a long life of integrity and probity. At his 
death he was in his 80th year. 



SECTION VII. 




'HE visitor will find this Section probably one of the 
most interesting parts of the Cemetery. In it are 
^^ P erected some of the finest and most expensive monu- 
mental structures, much taste also being displayed in beauti- 
fying the various plots, both by the owners and authorities of 
the ground ; the latter also providing seats, where the tired 
pedestrian has an opportunity to rest and contemplate the 
interesting scene around him, and perhaps the time when 

" The last loud trumpet's wondrous sound 
Shall through the rending tombs rebound, 
And wake the nations underground." 

" Then shall, with universal dread, 
The sacred mystic book be read, 
To try the living and the dead." 

Numerous family vaults occupy the southern side of the 
Section facing the Mortuary Chapel, all surrounded by neat 
and well-kept grounds, and many having in addition noble 
structures of marble or granite, in the erection of which the 
sculptor has displayed the highest skill. 

Prominent among the latter is that of the late 

DANIEL DEVLIN, 

[Ilhtstratio}!.) 

It occupies one of the most prominent positions in the 
Cemetery, being at the intersection of Boundary and St. 
Mary's Avenues, and fronting on Chapel Square. The material 
is Italian marble, about thirty feet in height, surmounted by 




JeVLIJsI ^OjMUJVlEJSlT 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 65 

a life-size figure representing " Faith." A medallion portrait 
of deceased, in bas-relief, is on the face of the column. The 
upper and lower die is highly ornamented, and on a platform 
on either side is a figure of " Hope," and a group representing 
" Charity." 

Draddy Bros, were the sculptors. 

Mr. Devlin was of Irish birth, and came to this country in 
1832. He first settled in Louisville, Ky., but in 1844 removed 
to New York City, where he entered into the clothing business 
with much success, and retired in 1865 with an ample fortune. 
He was much respected in the community, and at the time of 
his death, February 22, 1867, was City Chamberlain. 

PHILBIN. 

This elegant monument is situated on the east side of St. 
Mary's Avenue, and directly opposite the Chapel. It is of 
Italian marble, twenty-five feet in height, with vases on each 
corner resting on beautiful carved scrolls, and on the upper 
die is a medallion portrait of the late Stephen Philbin to 
whose memory the structure^ was erected. 

Above this is a finely executed group representing " Charity," 
copied after the model of Bartolini, the Italian sculptor. 

SUPERINTENDENT JOURDAN. 

The monument to the memory of this worthy public servant, 
who it is said died from the combined effects of intense men- 
tal anxiety and chagrin at his failure to solve the mysterious 
Nathan murder case, is a life-like statue in marble, six feet 
two inches in height, mounted on a pedestal of Quincy gran- 
ite, eight feet six inches high, carved in Grecian style of 
architecture. The figure represents him standing in easy and 
graceful position, with right hand resting on a Bible, overcoat 
open in front, showing inside coat tightly buttoned, and fingers 
of left hand resting lightly on the lapel. The inscription, cut 
deeply into a surface highly polished, reads as follows : 

John Jourdan, 

Died October 10, 1870, 

Aged 43 years. 



66 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

torrllhon. 

This monument is in the German Gothic style, the material 
having been imported from Italy. It is in the shap.e of a 
canopy, resting on four columns, with carved caps. In the 
open space under the canopy is a figure of " Memory " hold- 
ing a wreath, in the act of placing it on a grave. Above 
this is a shaft, ornamented, while surmounting the whole is a 
cross. 

The total height is about twenty-five feet. 

AMY. 

This beautiful memorial is of Italian marble, and stands 
about twenty feet m height to the capital, on which is a group 
representing " Charity," copied after the model of Bartolini, 
the celebrated Italian sculptor. On the north side stands a 
figure representing " Faith " crowned with victory, and on the 
opposite, a companion figure pointing downward to the grave, 
suggestive of the common fate of all mankind. 

In Range 5 of this Section is a double plot, neatly inclosed 
with iron railings, bearing the name of a well-known and much- 
respected New York clergyman. It contains a simple and 
unique block of marble, on which is inscribed the following 
words : 

" Rev. Charles Farrell, brother of Rev. Thomas Farrell, of 
St. Joseph's Church, N. Y., in the 30th year of his age." 

STJA. 

This is a beautiful and substantial memorial to the late 
Henry D. Sua. It consists of a column about twenty-five feet 
high, draped, and resting on a square base, ornamented cor- 
ners, festoons of flowers very delicately chiseled, and the whole 
surmounted by a draped cross. 

It is all composed of the finest Italian marble. 

The 

KERRIGAN 

inclosure is a double plot in Range 3, Plots MM, opposite 
Chapel Square. A very artistic memorial (life-size) figure in 
marble stands on an elevated pedestal, and, with the 



visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 6j 



BURNS 

plot, is deserving- of the visitor's attention. The latter, in 
Rajige I, Plot W, has also a costly marble monument. 

MURRAY. 

The J. J. Murray monument, also in Section 7, is of double 
pedestal form, Roman style, with draped urns on each side of 
cornice, and a medallion likeness of deceased in front of second 
pedestal, festoons of flowers, pendant, surrounding it. A finely- 
executed '* Angel of Hope," with anchor, crowns the work, 
which stands about twenty feet in height, on a base seven feet 
wide. 

NIKOLAUS SEITZ'S 

plot deserves our notice while passing through this Section. 
It is in Range 3, Plot S. 
The ground of 

EDWARD DUFFY & SONS, 

Range 5, Plot N, has a very handsome Scotch granite monu- 
ment, with ornamental die. The ground is also very neatly 
kept. 

BRUNER MONUMENT. 

The chaste structure bearing this name is in Range 3, and is 
composed of pure Italian marble, thirty-two feet in height, 
resting on a granite base, and is in the most correct old Gothic 
style. The plot in which it stands contains a fine family vault 
built in the most substantial manner. 

On each side of the monument is a figure, also of marble, 
five feet six inches high, one representing " Faith " and the 
other " Hope," most delicately chiseled. Under the dome is 
another figure, of an angel calling to judgment, being four feet 
six inches in height, and is also a fine specimen of sculptural art. 

JAMES COLEMAN'S 

raised plot, with a massive granite coping, contains an im- 
posing monument, also of granite. The die is handsomely 
polished. On each corner of this plot stand vases of flowers. 



68 visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

McGRANE. 

The McGrane monument, standing on the southwest corner 
of Section 7, towers nearly sixty feet in height, and is a classic 
structure, resting on a solid granite base twelve feet square. 
The foundation-stone is in one block, weighing over twenty 
tons. Finely-carved figures of life size, on either side of base, 
represent " Memory " strewing the grave with flowers, and 
" Prayer" in an imploring attitude. 

A life-size statue of the deceased, said to be a faithful like- 
ness, is on the south side of shaft, while a portrait, carved in 
alto-relievo, of his son, also resting there, is on the eastern 
face. On the top, which is crowned by a Corinthian capital, 
stands a finely-executed figure of our Redeemer, with pierced 
hands, inviting all mankind to Him. The whole monument 
forms a neat and graceful memorial of affection. 

It is said to have cost nearly twenty-five thousand dollars 
in its construction. 

DUDLEY KELLY, 

This is a handsome column of Escheillon marble, which 
stands in Range 12, Plot T, and was erected by Dudley Kelly, 
Esq., to the memory of his father. It is obelisk in shape, rising 
to a height' of twenty-one feet, and rests on a square granite 
foundation of the most solid construction. 

The plot is inclosed with massive granite posts and iron 
railings. 

One of the finest underground vaults in the Cemetery is in 
this Section and directly opposite the principal entrance to the 
Chapel. It bears the name of 

LOVEJOY 

over the door. It is the intention of the owner to erect also 
a large monument in this plot, the work having been already 
commenced. The style will be of the Grecian order, the mate- 
rial granite, highly polished, and the total height forty feet. 
A life-size figure of our Saviour in marble will surmount the 
whole, and other figures are to adorn the base. 
A. Murray is the sculptor. 



SECTION VIII. 




HIS Section is situated in the northeastern portion of 
the Cemetery, and is finely located. Many monu- 
mental structures of much beauty, as regard style and 
execution, are erected within its boundaries, a few of which 
are here mentioned. 

The neat marble monument of the 



FITZGIBBON 

family, Range 35, Plot CC, is fifteen feet in height and artist- 
ically sculptured. A handsome iron railing incloses the 
ground. 

THOMAS FINEGAN and MICHAEL DTJANE 

have a neatly inclosed plot adjoining the above ; and abreast of 
them, in the plot of 

D. McAULIFPE, 

is a neat headstone. 

In Range 43, Plot FF, we find the marble monument of 



HENRY NEIIi, 

and the ground inclosed by a substantial railing of iron and 
granite. 

In the same Range, Plot Y is the property of 

DAVID KENNEDY, 

The ground is thickly planted with the sweetest-smelling roses 
and geraniums, so grateful to the senses. 

In Range 47, Plot Z,is a marble monument erected by 



JO visitor's guide to calvary cemetery. 

M. M. BRADY. 

It is about fifteen feet in height, and has a delicately sculp- 
tured figure of an angel on top. 
Plot Y, Range 48, belonging to 

JAMES CAREY, 

contains a memorial in the shape of a block of marble cut to 
represent a rough,, unhewn rock, from which a rustic cross 
arises. A dove on the face of the rock holds a tablet on which 
the inscription is carved. The monument is about four feet 
in height, and its base is surrounded by floAvers. 

The neat marble monument in Range 56, Plot AA, was 
erected by 

JAMES HAYDON. 

It is surmounted by the marble figure of an angel. 

Bordering on St. Mary's Avenue, Range 69, Plot FF, is the 
family vault of 

JOHN ZOTT. 

At the further end of the plot is a crucifixion, and on each 
side a statue of " Mater Dei," and of St. John, all of marble. 
Carved on the door of the vault, which is of the same mate- 
rial, are the notes of the " Gregorian " Chant, " Requiem 
yEternum,'' etc. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS 



OF 



Cklykf J Cerqetefy. 



Office^ 266 Mulberry Street, Neiv York. 



The following are the charges for Graves and INTERMENTS 
in Calvary Cemetery : 

Graves, --_--_ $io oo 

IWTEJRMENTS: 

Adults, ------ $7 oo 

Children, 7 to 14 years, - - - 5 00 

" under 7 " _ _ - 3 00 

Vault Sites and Plots, according to size and location. 

The charge for the interment is not included in the cost of 
the srround. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS 



OF 



CALVARY CEMETERY, 



1. Calvary Cemetery shall remain open for interments 
from 7 A. M. to 5 P. M. from the ist of April to the 1st of 
October, and from 7 A. M. to 4.30 P. M. from the 1st of Octo- 
ber to the 1st of April. 

2. Permits for interments must be obtained at the Office, 
266 Mulberry Street, New York ; said Office being open from 
8 A. M. to 5 P. M. on week days, and from 9 A. M. to 12 M. on 
Sundays and legal Holidays. 

3. When interments are to be made in purchased ground, 
notice must be given at the Office in New York, or to the 
Superintendent at the Cemetery, before 4 P. M. on the day 
previous to the interment, except for interments on Sunday, 
notice of which will be required before 12 M. Saturday. 

4. No interrnent will be made in any plot or grave without 
the written permission of the owner, unless evidence is pro- 
duced in the Office, 266 Mulberry Street, New York, that will 
satisfy the General Superintendent, or the Superintendent of 
the Office, that the parties applying for such permission have 
the consent of the owner of the Plot or Grave to be opened. 

5. The Certificate of Purchase must in every instance be 
shown, when parties require a Grave to be opened ; and the 



74 • RULES AND REGULATIONS OF 

name of the person to be interred therein must also be given. 
If owning more than one Grave, they must state the number 
of the one in which they then wish to inter. 

6. In case of the loss of a Certificate of Purchase of Ground 
in Calvary Cemetery, no copy of the same will be issued except 
to the owner thereof; and in such case satisfactory proof of 
said loss must be presented to the Superintendent of the Office 
at No. 266 IMulberry Street, New York. 

7. Interments, where no ground has been purchased, must 
take place in such Graves as may be opened for their recep- 
tion, or as the Superintendent of the Cemetery may direct. 
Certificates, stating the precise spot of such interment, may 
be obtained from the said Superintendent, if applied for within 
one month after the date of burial, and by giving one day's 
notice. 

8. No removal will be allowed to be made from May 1st to 
November 1st, unless permission be given by the General 
Superintendent. 

9. All Carriages and Hearses, immediately on entering the 
Cemetery, must pass along in single file, keeping the right- 
hand side of the road to the Section of the ground in which 
the interment is to be made, and only to remain at the Church 
during the service. 

10. Drivers of Carriages must remain with their teams, and 
leave their boxes only when it may be necessary to take up or 
let down passengers. 

11. No vehicle wall be allowed to pass through the Cemetery 
at a rate exceeding four (4) miles an hour. 

12. All Monuments or Headstones must be erected on foun- 
dations of solid masonry, sixteen inches in thickness, and to 
the depth of at least nine feet. 

13. Railings or inclosures must be built according to the 



CALVARY CEMETERY. 75 

grade of the ground, and on solid masonry, sixteen inches in 
thickness and nine feet in depth, as must also all Columns, 
Posts, etc., for inclosures. 

14. Crosses attached to Monuments or Headstones, must be 
fastened with iron dowels, and properly leaded. 

15. The Section, Range, Plot, and Number of Grave, must 
be inscribed at the bottom of all Headstones, in legible figures 
and letters. Footstones are strictly prohibited. 

16. Persons having Monuments, Headstones, etc., already 
erected, and not secured in accordance with these Rules, and 
who neglect to have them so secured, will be held responsible 
for all damage which may be done by the falling of said Mon- 
uments or Headstones on or against those belonging to other 
parties. 

17. Wooden inclosures, crosses, and lettered boards desig- 
nating Graves, will not be permitted. 

18. Plaster images, toys, or similar articles, will not be per- 
mitted on Graves or in Plots. 

19. All Vaults must be built of stone, granite, or marble, 
and furnished in such a manner with shelves and partitions 
that interments can be separately made. After such inter- 
ments, the compartments are to be perpetually sealed, in order 
to prevent the escape of an unpleasant effluvium. No Vaults 
will be permitted to be built above ground, except in such 
parts of the Cemetery as may be reserved for that purpose. 

20. The Trustees reserve to themselves the right of prevent- 
ing or removing any erection or inclosure which they may 
consider injurious to the immediate locality, or prejudicial to 
the general appearance of the Cemetery ; and of removing or 
pruning any trees or shrubbery which may mar the effect and 
beauty of the scenery, or which will encroach upon or inter- 
fere with other Plots or Graves. 



76 RULES AND REGULATIONS OF 

21. No Headstone, Cross, or Device of any kind shall be 
erected on any Grave, where the right to the ground has not 
been purchased. 

22. No Headstone shall be set up without giving previous 
notice to the Superintendent of the Cemetery, in order that 
it may be determined if it be of allowable dimensions, placed 
in the right spot, and in a proper manner. 

23. The construction of Vaults, the inclosure of Plots, the 
erection of Monuments, Headstones, etc., and the men em- 
ployed thereat, shall be under the control and direction of the 
Superintendent of the Cemetery, who shall have power to 
immediately suspend the work and w^orkmen, whenever there 
is a failure to conform to these Rule^ and Regulations. 

.24. No Contractor, or other person, will be permitted to 
perform any work in the Cemetery, such as the inclosure of 
Plots, the erection of Monuments, Headstones, or any other 
testimonial, until the possessor of the Plot or Grave shall have 
received a certificate or permit designating the work to be 
done, and the party or parties employed, signed by the Super- 
intendent of the Cemetery, and countersigned by the Chair- 
man of the Committee on Cemeteries, or the Secretary of the 
Board. 

25. No Contractor will be granted a second permit until the 
work for which he received the previous one shall have been 
completed. 

26. No Contractor, or his workmen, will be permitted to 
work in the Cemetery before 7 o'clock A. M., nor after 6 
o'clock P. M. 

27. No person employed by this Board, in or about Calvary 
Cemetery, shall be interested, directly or indirectly, in any 
contract or agreement for the erection of Monuments, Head- 
stones, Railings, or for any Avork whatever not directed or 
paid for by the Board ; nor shall they solicit, or permit others 



CALVARY CEMETERY. 7/ 

to solicit, orders for such work, within or about the gates of 
the Cemetery. All employees of the Board will be held to 
strict accountability for any violation of the above Rules ; and 
any such violation will be followed by immediate discharge 
from employment. Persons contemplating the erection of 
testimonials to the memory of their deceased friends, are re- 
spectfully requested to report any infringements of the above 
Rules to the Superintendent in the Cemetery, or at the Office, 
266 Mulberry Street, New York. 

28. Persons having refreshments of any kind will not be 
permitted to enter the Cemetery ; neither will smoking be 
allowed, nor will dogs be admitted. 

29. All persons are prohibited from picking any flowers, 
either wild or cultivated, breaking any tree, shrub, or plant, 
or from writing upon, defacing, or injuring any Monument, 
fence, or other str'ucture, within or belonging to the Cemetery ; 
and if detected in violating this section, will be arrested by 
the police, and punished according to law, as provided in such 
cases. 

30. Trespassers, or persons disturbing the quiet and good 
order of the place, by noise or other improper conduct, or 
who shall violate any of these Rules, will be instantly com- 
pelled to leave the Cemetery, and punished as provided in 
Section 29, if there be just reasons therefor. 

31. The persons placed at the gates are charged to prohibit 
the entrance of all improper persons, as well as those who 
may be known to have at any time willfully transgressed the 
Regulations of the Cemetery. 

32. Boys are strictly prohibited from performing any work 
in the Cemetery, and the Superintendent is hereby directed to 
enforce these Rules of the Board of Trustees. 

33. All interments in this Cemetery shall be strictly in ac- 
cordance with the rules of the Catholic Church. 



78 RULES AND REGULATIONS OF CALVARY CEMETERY. 

[|^p° The Catholic public are informed that the men em- 
ployed at the Cemetery are positively forbidden to receive, 
under any pretense whatever, any remuneration for services 
rendered. 



1^°^ Holders of Certificates of Purchased Plots or Graves 
are requested not to give their Certificates to Contractors for 
the purpose of having Monuments, Headstones, etc., erected, 
but to get a Permit for that purpose themselves at the Office 
in the Cemetery, which they can leave in the possession of 
the persons employed to do the work. 



INDEX. 



SECTION. PAGE. 

Ancient Interments 5 

Astoin 6 59 

Amy 7 66 

Brennan, Annie i 26 

Billotto, Domenico i 26 

Bushe, Richard J 2 29 

Badum, Jolm 3 34 

Bender 3 34 

Brophy, Patrick 4 4i 

Binsse, L. B 4 4i 

Boslet, P 4 47 

Brennan, Luke 4 48 

Brady, Andrew 4 49 

Brady, M. M 8 70 

Brady, Rev. Jolin 6 60 

Beneville 6 62 

Boylan, Peter 6 62 

Burns 7 67 

Bruner 7 67 

Calvary Cemetery Ii 

Corboy I 24 

Callalian, William i 25 

Cullen I 26 

Carr, James I 26 

Conway, John 2 29 

Cunningham 2 29 

Clifford 3 32 

Casey, Christopher 3 34 

Connelly, J. M. & E 4 39 

Church of the Most Holy 

Redeemer 4 40 

Church of St. Alphonsus. ... 4 40 

Conway, Dr. E 4 44 

Corcoran, General Michael.. 4 45 

Carey, James 8 70 

Carey, William 6 60 

Connell, George W 4 50 

Colton, John 5 54 

Callahan, C 6 59 

Cusack, Terence 6 59 

Connolly 6 59 

Connolly, Owen 6 62 

Curry J. & P 6 60 

Costello, Thomas 6 61 

Chester, Ann 6 61 

Clarke, Cornelius 6 61 

Cullen 6 62 

Dardes i 25 

Devling, Francis 2 29 

De Lux, Jeanne 3 31 

Dunigan, Edw 4 42 

Dykers 6 57 



SECTION. 

Devlin, Daniel 7 

Duffy & Sons 7 

Duane, Michael 8 

Ennis, Easter i 

Ennis, Lieut.-Col. John 3 

Ennis, Lieut. William H.... 4 

Eagan, John 4 

Eggleso 5 

Elliot, George W^ 6 

Ferrie, John P 3 

Fitzpatrick 3 

Foley, John 4 

Frith 4 

Flanagan, R 4 

Fitzgibbon 8 

Finegan, Thomas 8 

Flannelly 6 

Fitzgerald, David 6 

Farrell, Rev. Thomas '. 7 

Cottier I 

Greve, John H 3 

Gallegher, John 5 

Gauton 6 

Gilligan 6 

Goodwin 6 

Hughes, J I 

Hughes, Plenry 3 

Hennessey, Rev. Patrick. ... 3 

Herrick 3 

Hardie, Mary M 4 

Higgins, M. J 4 

Huston, Col. F. X 4 

Haydon, James 8 

Hoguet, Joseph 6 

Hughes 6 

Ingoldsby, Felix 4 

Johnson, Jacob i 

Jamme, T. & E 3 

Just, Jacob 6 

Jourdan, Supt. John 7 

Kirchhoff i 

Keresey 2 

Kennedy, Thomas 4 

Kirker, James B 4 

Kelly, James 4 

Kennedy 4 

Kennedy, David 8 

Kerrigan 6 

Kerrigan 7 

King, William H 6 

Kelly, James 6 

Kelly, Dudley 7 



64 
67 
69 
23 
31 
52 
40 
56 
61 
32 
35 
39 
41 
47 
69 
69 

57 
62 
66 
24 
35 
55 
57 
60 
62 
25 
35 
32 
35 
41 
47 
48 
70 
60 
63 
37 
24 

35 
61 

65 
26 
28 

41 

42 
48 

49 
69 

57 
66 

59 
62 
68 



8o 



INDEX. 



SECTION. PAGE. 

Kiernan, Michael 6 62 

Locality of Calvary Cemetery 14 

Lyons i 25 

Lynch, James 2 27 

Lynch, Peter 2 30 

Leahy 3 34 

Lauby, J. A 4 51 

Loonie, Denis 5 55 

Layden, M. & B 5 56 

Livingston 6 63 

Lovejoy 7 68 

Murphy I 25 

Murphy, Col. Matthew 4 51 

Murphy, Daniel 4 51 

Murphy, James 4 39 

Murphy, INIichael 4 49 

McMahon, J I 25 

Moriarty I 26 

McLaughlin, Jane ..I 26 

McCarron I 26 

Martin I 26 

Martin 2 23 

McCafiferty, Patrick 2 29 

Mulvihill,' Patrick 2 30 

Mangan, J 2 30 

McBarron 2 30 

JNIahoney 3 32 

Merkl 3 34 

Murray, T. J. 7 67 

Murray,* 3 35 

McParlan, H. & J 4 39 

Malone 4 41- 

McMenomy, John 4 41 

Mahoney 4 44 

McManus, Charles 4 47 

Miller, A 4 47 

McGill, James & John 4 48 

McKenna, James 4 49 

Martin, Bryan 4 50 

McCarthy. Julia 5 55 

ISIcGuire, Luke 5 55 

Marie 6 57 

Montant 6 57 

McKenna, Kev. Michael. ... 6 58 

Moore 6 58 

Mulrooney, Richard 6 58 

Mosebach, Joseph 6 59 

Moakley, James 6 60 

McCloskey, Henrj' 6 61 

McCloskey, Rev. William.. . 6 61 

Milhau, John 6 63 

McGrane 7 68 

McAuliffe, D 8 69 

Neade, Rev. Thomas P 3 34 

Nunes, Eliza M 4 41 

Keil, Henry 8 69 

Newman 6 58 

O'Brien I 25 

O'Brien, Philip 2 30 

O'Sullivan, Dr i 26 



SECTION. PAGE. 

O'Meara, Col. T. J 4 42 

O'Meara, John 4 50 

O'Rourke, James 5 54 

O'Rielly, Hugh 6 62 

O'Neill, John 6 63 

Olwell, J. & M 4 44 

Power, William H 3 32 

Power .^ 6 57 

Patterson, William 6 60 

Philbin, Stephen 7 65 

Quinn 3 35 

Riley 4 40 

Ryan, John 4 40 

Ryan 5 56 

Reed 4 41 

Ryan, C. J 6 63 

Rappetti, Angelo 4 42 

Rice, Peter G 4 51 

Receiving Vault 6 57 

Rivera 6 57 

Rooney, James 6 62 

Rules and Regulations 69 

Section i 23 

" 2 27 

" 3 ••• 31 

" 4- 36 

" 5 54 

" 6 57 

" 7 64 

" 8 69 

Scott, John. ... , 3 34 

Stack... 3 35 

Soldiers' Monument 4 36 

Scanlon 4 39 

Smith, Matthew S 4 39 

Sisters of Charity 4 40 

" " Mercy 4 40 

Scully, John S 4 44 

Sullivan 4 47 

St. James, Francis 5 55 

Spillane, James 5 55 

Sweeney 6 57 

Salzi, Siro 6 60 

Sua 7 66 

Seitz, Nicholas 7 67 

To the Reader 3 

Taggart, Michael i 25 

Trenor, Patrick 4 44 

Toner, P 4 44 

Treacy, P. & M 4 50 

Tuomey 5 56 

Tobin, John G 6 59 

Torrilhon 7 66 

"Wilson, William 2 28 

Woods, Rev. Joseph P .' 2 28 

Whelan. Thomas 5 55 

Walsh Brothers 6 61 

Zapp, J 4 47 

Zott, John 8 70